Manufactory commercial non-ferrous metal products
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- Materials 101: Ferrous and Non-Ferrous Metals
- Non-ferrous metals industry
- 162 Series
- Metal Products Business Unit
- Archive:Precious and non-ferrous metal production statistics - NACE Rev. 1.1
- Zorba: Small Particles Big Opportunities
- Non-ferrous Metals Thickness and Coating Weight Measurement Applications
- Non-ferrous metal
Materials 101: Ferrous and Non-Ferrous Metals
In metallurgy , a non-ferrous metal is a metal, including alloys , that does not contain iron ferrite in appreciable amounts. Generally more costly than ferrous metals, non-ferrous metals are used because of desirable properties such as low weight e. For example, bauxite is used as flux for blast furnaces , while others such as wolframite , pyrolusite and chromite are used in making ferrous alloys.
Important non-ferrous metals include aluminium, copper, lead , nickel , tin , titanium and zinc, and alloys such as brass. Precious metals such as gold , silver and platinum and exotic or rare metals such as cobalt , mercury , tungsten , beryllium , bismuth , cerium , cadmium , niobium , indium , gallium , germanium , lithium , selenium , tantalum , tellurium , vanadium , and zirconium are also non-ferrous.
Due to their extensive use, non-ferrous scrap metals are usually recycled. The secondary materials in scrap are vital to the metallurgy industry, as the production of new metals often needs them.
Non-ferrous metals were the first metals used by humans for metallurgy. Gold, silver and copper existed in their native crystalline yet metallic form. These metals, though rare, could be found in quantities sufficient to attract the attention of humans. Less susceptible to oxygen than most other metals, they can be found even in weathered outcroppings.
Copper was the first metal to be forged; it was soft enough to be fashioned into various objects by cold forging and could be melted in a crucible. Gold, silver and copper replaced some of the functions of other resources, such as wood and stone, owing to their ability to be shaped into various forms for different uses.
The Bronze Age , which succeeded the Copper Age, was again heralded by the invention of bronze , an alloy of copper with the non-ferrous metal tin. It is used in residential, commercial, industrial industry. Material selection for a mechanical or structural application requires some important considerations, including how easily the material can be shaped into a finished part and how its properties can be either intentionally or inadvertently altered in the process.
Depending on the end use, metals can be simply cast into the finished part, or cast into an intermediate form, such as an ingot , then worked, or wrought, by rolling, forging , extruding, or other deformation process. Although the same operations are used with ferrous as well as nonferrous metals and alloys, the reaction of nonferrous metals to these forming processes is often more severe. Consequently, properties may differ considerably between the cast and wrought forms of the same metal or alloy.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. See also: Non-ferrous extractive metallurgy. Materials chemistry 2. Dordrecht [u. Engineers Handbook. Retrieved 25 October Theory and laboratory experiments in ferrous metallurgy. Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Retrieved 27 October Littleton, Colo.
Non-ferrous metals industry
Bauxite is one of the most abundant base minerals in Australia, and thus being the foundation for producing aluminium. Aluminium is a metal that has characteristics of being durable, malleable and lightweight. With its great versatility, aluminium is a vital metal for a modern society. Aluminium is highly sought after in industries where strength and lightweight products are required, such as aerospace, transportation, construction, packaging and many others.
In metallurgy , a non-ferrous metal is a metal, including alloys , that does not contain iron ferrite in appreciable amounts. Generally more costly than ferrous metals, non-ferrous metals are used because of desirable properties such as low weight e. For example, bauxite is used as flux for blast furnaces , while others such as wolframite , pyrolusite and chromite are used in making ferrous alloys. Important non-ferrous metals include aluminium, copper, lead , nickel , tin , titanium and zinc, and alloys such as brass. Precious metals such as gold , silver and platinum and exotic or rare metals such as cobalt , mercury , tungsten , beryllium , bismuth , cerium , cadmium , niobium , indium , gallium , germanium , lithium , selenium , tantalum , tellurium , vanadium , and zirconium are also non-ferrous.
Non-ferrous and specialty metals fill a unique space in the industrial economy. These niche products are essential for delivering specific mechanical or physical properties where steel or aluminum cannot. In order to meet those needs, accurate thickness and coating weight measurements are equally essential in the production of these flat sheet non-ferrous metals. Thermo Scientific measurement gauges employ application specific sensors, assuring reliable measurement of your specialty metals. Thermo Scientific thickness gauges for cold rolling and process lines provide accurate, non-contact thickness measurement of flat sheet in every type of processing line. Thermo Scientific thickness gauges for hot plate lines optimize the mill process with extremely high measurement accuracy at high speed, low noise, and with excellent cross-profile resolution— making them ideal for applications where thick plate is required. Thermo Scientific coating weight gauges provide fast, accurate, non-contact coating weight measurement of metal coatings applied to flat sheet products, helping to ensure coating uniformity, product quality and raw materials savings. Download infographic.
Metal Products Business Unit
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Archive:Precious and non-ferrous metal production statistics - NACE Rev. 1.1
Many reprocessors are being limited by using only traditional processing methods for zorba, while others are selling on the mixed material instead of directly recovering high quality fractions themselves. Other non-ferrous metals found in Zorba include copper, lead, brass, magnesium, nickel, tin and zinc in elemental or alloyed solid form. Stainless steel is usually only present in small quantities as, depending on the grade of material, eddy current separators are normally not able to extract it from the product.
The simple answer is that ferrous metals contain iron and non-ferrous metals do not. The more in-depth answer is that ferrous metals and non-ferrous metals each have their own distinctive properties. These properties determine the applications they are most suited for. Non-ferrous metals have been used since the beginning of civilization. The later invention of bronze , an alloy of copper and tin, started the Bronze Age.
Zorba: Small Particles Big Opportunities
Industry-specific and extensively researched technical data partially from exclusive partnerships. A paid subscription is required for full access. You need a Premium Account for unlimited access. Additional Information. Show source. Show sources information Show publisher information. Data prior to comes from previous editions of the Japan Statistical Yearbook and the Statistical Handbook of Japan.
These also include certain raw materials used for home appliances, building materials, and varying modes of transportation such as automobiles, motorcycles, aircraft and railway. SCOA deals in both carbon and specialty steel and handles millions of tons of rolled steel products on a consistent basis. In the non-ferrous metal field, SCOA is involved in the titanium and aluminum business. ASA has become an important participant in the U. ASA, located in Newport, manufactures tie plates from the hot rolled steel, which is then punched and sheared to meet customer specification.
Non-ferrous Metals Thickness and Coating Weight Measurement Applications
This Statistics Explained article is outdated and has been archived - for recent articles on structural business statistics see here. This article belongs to a set of statistical articles which analyse the structure, development and characteristics of the various economic activities in the European Union EU. The present article covers the production of precious and non-ferrous metals, corresponding to NACE Rev 1. The activities covered in this article consist of a wide range of metals other than iron and steel, including:.
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