Storage plant intersystem communication devices of networks, systems, complexes and electronic compu
The history of the Internet has its origin in the efforts of wide area networking that originated in several computer science laboratories in the United States , United Kingdom , and France. In the early s the NSF funded the establishment for national supercomputing centers at several universities, and provided interconnectivity in with the NSFNET project, which also created network access to the supercomputer sites in the United States from research and education organizations. Commercial Internet service providers ISPs began to emerge in the very late s. Limited private connections to parts of the Internet by officially commercial entities emerged in several American cities by late and ,  and the NSFNET was decommissioned in , removing the last restrictions on the use of the Internet to carry commercial traffic. In the s, research at CERN in Switzerland by British computer scientist Tim Berners-Lee resulted in the World Wide Web , linking hypertext documents into an information system, accessible from any node on the network. However, the future of the global network may be shaped by regional differences.VIDEO ON THE TOPIC: What is Ethernet?
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- History of the Internet
- US9613190B2 - Systems and methods of secure data exchange - Google Patents
- Future smart energy software houses
- EP1269723A4 - A tiered wireless, multi-modal access system and method - Google Patents
- The testing laboratory
- Improving IIoT Implementation
- Looking for other ways to read this?
- SIAM Review
History of the Internet
With this arrangement, the various UMMAD's could be directed to communicate over the channel that provides the desired service using the most effective communication protocol via the lowest possible tier capable of completing the link to a UMMAD which in turn is capable of providing the service desired by the UMMAD user.
Alternatively, the wireless communication system could use a WBG at a higher tier because that WBG is better suited to provide the type of service most secure, highest quality, lowest price, strongest strength signal, least likely to be interrupted, etc. This improvement would employ a unique combination of identifiers of individual users of both a "passive" type and an "active" type.
PI relies upon the fact that a human is uniquely identified by his genetic make up which may be directly measured e. This type of unique human quality can be considered a "passive identifier" since no evidence of consciousness or free will is required for the human identifier to be measured. Al relies upon the fact that a human also possesses a sense of separateness or consciousness that separates him from all other humans. This characteristic finds expression in freedom of thought and in the exercise of free will which can be employed for unique identification but it requires an act of will on the part of the individual e g the individual is required to produce a PIN or issue a voice command Thus this type of identification can be considered an active identifier I e it requires an active expression of will on the part of the human being identified.
For example, the invention would permit adaptation to slow movement e. Another advantage is that the invention would allow unique user identification, simplification of use, billing simplicity, security and availability.
These advantages would all be achieved in varying degrees while preserving the value of existing infrastructure investment; increasing competition in technology, quality and cost; and promoting greater efficiency and use of scarce radio spectrum. For example, if during a call, excessive interference is experienced, a button could be pushed that would cause the UMMAD to search out another service provider who could provide a stronger signal allowing the user to be switched to the other service provider to secure a better interference free connection.
Alternatively, should a caller determine that after a call has been initiated that it is important to discuss highly sensitive information requiring secure communication, the user could provide an indication to the UMMAD that the communication link should be switched to a service that would permit the communication to be encrypted for security purposes.
Fig 1 is a schematic illustration of a tiered wireless, multi-modal access system designed in accordance with the subject invention. Fig 2A is a digitally controllable multi-modal transceiver designed in accordance with the subject invention for use in the system of Fig 1.
The WBG ' s 18 would form the next tier, Tier 3, to which a particular call could be "handed-up" as discussed in more detail below. Tier 2 would be formed by fixed site wireless base stations WBG's 20 covering still greater geographic areas operating on different frequencies normally at much greater signal strength and on differing communication protocols.
Finally the first tier, Tierl, will be formed of one or more WBG's 22 that may take the form of a very wide area station such as a communication satellite. In particular, system 2 can be operated to facilitate automated unique identification of individuals. Still more particularly the identification can occur in a manner that is highly secure in that it affords little chance for unauthorized or fraudulent misuse of the system while also placing the user in full control of the process to avoid misuse by others such as governmental agencies that might abuse the user's right of privacy.
Only by providing unique identification, without substantial risk of unauthorized or fraudulent access, can the full potential of important parts of the world wide telecommunications grid, such as the full potential of the internet for e-commerce.
More particularly, by organizing the system properly all human consciousness can be more nearly interlinked via a system that provides users with the greatest possible interconnectedness and with all electronically accessible knowledge without compromising the uniqueness, right of privacy, freedom of thought and free will of the individual users.
This additional advantage of system 2 can be achieved by affording the ability to each UMMAD 4 to uniquely identify its user as will be discussed in more detail below. This handset includes the ability to transition between one or more operating protocols and frequencies for communication. In the present invention such a handset could be employed and would operate in combination with the universal system traffic controller to transition from one communications system or network, to another communications system or network without dropping a voice or data communication.
In other words, universal system traffic controller 21 may re-route a wireline connection from one communications system to another to facilitate the wireless transition by the wireless mobile handset.
In this fashion, universal system traffic controller 21 can sen ' e to completely transition a communication from a first communications system to a second communications system at any time such transition is considered to be appropriate. UMMAD is illustrated although many alternative arrangements would be possible depending on what combination of functions, features and advantages of the subject invention it is desired to afford to a user.
More particularly Fig. Patent No. More particularly, Fig. RF circuit This control circuit includes all of the components and functional characteristics of the circuit illustrated in Fig. IB of U. The remaining components shown in Fig. In particular, the program is written to implement the functionality described in this description of the subject invention. In particular, the program will enable the UMMAD to reconfigure itself to operate over any one of the available wireless service networks in order to reconnect a lost communication session voice or data either on the same service network or over an alternative network as commanded by the Universal System Traffic Controller USTC As required the UMMAD whose communication link has been prematurely disconnected can be commanded to re-configure itself to communicate through another network using a different wireless communication channel at a different frequency and using a different communication protocol in order to complete the sen ee desired by the use, e.
UMMAD over a communication channel determined to be available at extremely low power and using a protocol that is both consistent with the service requested and consistent with the capability of the UMMAD to interact with the WBG. This feature illustrates the advantage of equipping wireless service users with UMMAD type portable access devices since the interlinkage of wireless sendee users within a given geographic location would greatly facilitate the optimal use of the available radio spectrum and would further facilitate optimal re-allocation of scarce radio spectrum to produce the optimal level of service to the greatest number of users.
As noted above, the various tiers of wireless service serving a given geographic area could be arranged so that successive tiers could serve ever greater geographic areas so that the first tier would provide wireless sen ee to the greatest geographic area and the last tier would provide wireless service to the smallest geographic area.
For example in a multi-tiered system, a wireless connection provided, for example within one tier, could have associated with it a higher level tier as an alternative such that upon loss of the wireless link, the user would be automatically shifted to a substitute wireless link via an alternative communication service that will have the capacity to re-establish the lost connection by a finding the location of the user whose call was lost, and b reestablishing the last connection to that person automatically through an alternative communication channel providing wireless service to the same geographic area in which the user is located.
In a mult-tier system having a population of UMMAD users, each UMMAD would be capable of interacting with any one of the tiers within a given geographic level and would be automatically transferable either within a tier or from tier to tier depending on changes in the communication link caused, for example by movement of the user or changes in interference pattern affecting the communication link or re-allocation of the communication links to bring about a more optimal utilization of the communication networks for the greatest number of users.
Using this feature, the user subscriber would not be requrred to have his own UMMAD but could use any that mrght be available such as one that is dispensed from a vending machrne at an arrport or in a supper market. There would be no need to go to a cellular equipment office for assignment of a new cellular telephone. As the user enters his automobile, the nearest WBG mrght be a more powerful mobile cellular transcerver or WBG's located along the path of travel of the user.
This feature of UMMAD would provide a "follow-me" capability that would allow the world wide communication grid to locate and provide call through put to all humans who chose to carry an UMMAD having the "follow-me" capability.
To avoid "big brother" aspects, each UMMAD could be equipped with a user activatable capability for disabling the "follow me" functionality in which case the calling party could be invited to leave a message or be routed to another party or destination.
The capability to disable the "follow me" capability could be multi-layered including disability except for those who provide an additional access code, e.
Additional layers of "follow-me" capability may be user de-activatable such as "locatabihty" by local law enforcement agencies except upon court order. The capacity to deactivate "locatabihty" could be a personal right such as the right to privacy except when that right has been forfeited by conviction of a crime that would otherwise subject a person to lawful imprisonment.
Signals that need to be secure such as requests for access, funds transfer orders, secure telecommunication links emanating from the UMMAD would first be sent to the network server operated by the system service provider, decoded and sent on to ultimate destination.
The network server would be empowered to effect access commands, transfer funds and carry out any other instructed functions and the network sendee subscriber UMMAD owner would be held harmless from liability.
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The communication links may be switched from one WBG to another or from one protocol to another during a communication session to continue the session under the control of a Universal System Traffic Controller. An omni-compatible broadband connection gateway as defined in claim 3, further comprising a memory for storing a plurality of data sets allowing said radio transceiver to implement those communication protocols appropriate for supplying the respective communication services accessible by said interface circuit for wireless broadcast over the respectively assigned communication channels,.
US9613190B2 - Systems and methods of secure data exchange - Google Patents
The IIoT provides many benefits to machine builders and their customers, but new solutions are needed to reduce complexity and expense while maintaining a high level of security. Like many OEM machine and equipment builders, a California-based oven manufacturer needed to implement an industrial internet of things IIoT solution to meet customer demands, improve remote monitoring, and remain competitive in the marketplace. The OEM builds ovens used in a variety of industrial and commercial applications, and it wants to differentiate its ovens from those of its competitors to increase sales.
This application claims the benefit of the following provisional applications, each of which is hereby incorporated by reference in its entirety: U. Patent Application Ser. The present invention relates to networked secure content, and more particularly to sharing, viewing, and collaboration of networked secure content between entities. Despite the availability of the Internet, there is still no entirely satisfactory way for people at different companies or other entities to have the benefits of private network security, such as for file sharing or collaborative work between enterprises on a daily basis and for ad hoc alliances, i.
Future smart energy software houses
With this arrangement, the various UMMAD's could be directed to communicate over the channel that provides the desired service using the most effective communication protocol via the lowest possible tier capable of completing the link to a UMMAD which in turn is capable of providing the service desired by the UMMAD user. Alternatively, the wireless communication system could use a WBG at a higher tier because that WBG is better suited to provide the type of service most secure, highest quality, lowest price, strongest strength signal, least likely to be interrupted, etc. This improvement would employ a unique combination of identifiers of individual users of both a "passive" type and an "active" type. PI relies upon the fact that a human is uniquely identified by his genetic make up which may be directly measured e. This type of unique human quality can be considered a "passive identifier" since no evidence of consciousness or free will is required for the human identifier to be measured. Al relies upon the fact that a human also possesses a sense of separateness or consciousness that separates him from all other humans. This characteristic finds expression in freedom of thought and in the exercise of free will which can be employed for unique identification but it requires an act of will on the part of the individual e g the individual is required to produce a PIN or issue a voice command Thus this type of identification can be considered an active identifier I e it requires an active expression of will on the part of the human being identified. For example, the invention would permit adaptation to slow movement e. Another advantage is that the invention would allow unique user identification, simplification of use, billing simplicity, security and availability. These advantages would all be achieved in varying degrees while preserving the value of existing infrastructure investment; increasing competition in technology, quality and cost; and promoting greater efficiency and use of scarce radio spectrum.
EP1269723A4 - A tiered wireless, multi-modal access system and method - Google Patents
The good old traditional analog days are in the past. Today, digital technology dictates many aspects of human lives. From entertainment to transportation, there is no escape from the digital age. Back then, car sensors were minimal and system upgrades were simple.
Account Options Sign in. My library Help Advanced Book Search. Elsevier , M06 5 - pages. The control of power systems and power plants is a subject of growing interest which continues to sustain a high level of research, development and application in many diverse yet complementary areas, such as maintaining a high quality but economical service and coping with environmental constraints.
The testing laboratory
This application is a division of application Ser. The present invention relates in general to an improved data processing system and in particular to a method and system for providing increased processing power for processing service processor requests within a data processing system. Still more particularly, the present invention relates to a method and system for automatically transferring service processor requests to other service processors within a data processing system.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Network Devices Explained - Hub, Bridge, Router, Switch
Detailed course offerings Time Schedule are available for Winter Quarter Intended for non-EE majors. Offered: W. View course details in MyPlan: E E Basic circuit and systems concepts.
Improving IIoT Implementation
Industrial Internet of Things IIoT applications, featured with data-centric innovations, are leveraging the observability, control, and analytics, as well as the safety of industrial operations. The wireless system design for IIoT applications is inherently a joint effort between operational technology OT engineers, information technology IT system architects, and wireless network planners. In this paper, we propose a new reference framework for the wireless system design in IIoT use cases. The framework presents a generic design process and identifies the key questions and tools of individual procedures. Specifically, we extract impact factors from distinct domains including industrial operations and environments, data service dynamics, and the IT infrastructure. We then map these factors into function clusters and discuss their respective impact on performance metrics and resource utilization strategies. Finally, discussions take place in four exemplary IIoT applications where we use the framework to identify the wireless network issues and deployment features in the continuous process monitoring, discrete system control, mobile applications, and spectrum harmonization, respectively. The goals of this work are twofold: 1 to assist OT engineers to better recognize wireless communication demands and challenges in their plants, 2 to help industrial IT specialists to come up with operative and efficient end-to-end wireless solutions to meet demanding needs in factory environments.
US Radio resource control-service data unit reception. US Method and system to securely change a password in a distributed computing system. US Device authentication management system. US System and method for secure communication.
Looking for other ways to read this?
Inspired by empirical studies of networked systems such as the Internet, social networks, and biological networks, researchers have in recent years developed a variety of techniques and models to help us understand or predict the behavior of these systems. Here we review developments in this field, including such concepts as the small-world effect, degree distributions, clustering, network correlations, random graph models, models of network growth and preferential attachment, and dynamical processes taking place on networks. Sign in Help View Cart.
European Journal of Futures Research. December , Cite as. Software is the key enabling technology KET as digitalization is cross-cutting future energy systems spanning the production sites, distribution networks, and consumers particularly in electricity smart grids. In this paper, we identify systematically what particular software competencies are required in the future energy systems focusing on electricity system smart grids.
Effective date : Year of fee payment : 4. In embodiments of the present invention improved capabilities are described for managing amendment voting in a networked secure collaborative computer data exchange environment, the method comprising establishing a secure exchange server-based environment between users of at least two business entities, the secure exchange server environment managed by an intermediate business entity, the users exchanging content, and providing an amendment voting facility when the content relates to a proposed amendment to an agreement wherein the amendment voting facility enables users to vote on the proposed amendment. Patent Application No. The present invention relates to networked secure content sharing and collaboration.
И тот момент в не столь уж далеком будущем, когда на нем останется лишь несколько человек. - Не хотела бы оказаться последним человеком, оставшимся живым на Носителе, - произнесла.
- Около трех миллионов лет назад в вашей части Галактики процветал один вид, - проговорил Орел. - Он широко распространился меж звезд и сохранял способность к космоплаванию почти миллион лет. Эти блестящие инженеры воздвигли несколько самых удивительных сооружений из всех, которые мы видели. Их сфера влияния распространялась и в конце концов охватила больше двадцати звездных систем.
Эти существа обладали глубокими познаниями, были мудры и умели сочувствовать друг другу.
Я поместил пару миниатюрных роботов в небольшой вагончик подземки, и они исчезли в тоннеле. Потом они нашли место, похожее на этот зал, и полезли по паутине. наконец, за ними погнался один из ваших сородичей. - Можно не сомневаться - ваши роботы забрели в детскую квадроидов.