Warehouse industry aggregates, components and parts of electric vehicles, spare parts
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Aftermarket part Goods not for use as original equipment in the production of light-duty vehicles or heavy-duty vehicles, ie. Agent or broker An intermediary with legal authority to operate on behalf of the manufacturer. American Automobile Labelling Act AALA Regulations requiring vehicle manufacturers to include content information on vehicle labels for cars and trucks for sale in the U. Anti-lock braking system ABS System that automatically controls wheel slip or prevents sustained wheel-locking on braking.
Auto Pact base year With respect to the Auto Pact, the 12 month period beginning on August 1, , and ending on July 31, Auto Pact Canadian value added The aggregate of the costs of parts, material, labour costs, and transportation costs that are reasonably attributed to the production of vehicles or parts by manufacturers producing vehicles in Canada. Automated Guided Vehicle System AGVS Vehicles equipped with automatic guidance equipment which follow a prescribed path, stopping at each machining or assembly station for manual loading and unloading of parts.
Autodealership or auto dealer A retail outlet that carries one or in some cases in the U. The outlet will also provide service and sell parts for the brand of vehicle that it carries.
In some instances, a dealer may dual for another manufacturer's product line. Automobile Four-wheeled passenger motor vehicle having a seating capacity for not more than 10 people including police cars and racing cars but not including ambulances or hearses. Auto parts store Jobber and retail auto parts stores which primarily sell automotive products and conduct business at the retail level.
Average weekly earnings Gross taxable payrolls divided by the number of employees. Body shop Service outlet specializing in vehicle body repair work. Bus Passenger motor vehicle or chassis having a seating capacity for more than 10 people. Canadian Automotive Repair and Service Council CARS A not-for-profit organization established to serve the human resource and training needs of the Canadian car and truck repair and service industry.
Canadian cross border shopping Cross border shopping describes the purchasing by Canadian consumers of products in the United States. Of particular interest is the decision by these buyers to obtain their products in the U. Capacity Maximum production attainable under conditions. With regard to conditions, the company's operating practices are to be followed with respect to the use of production facilities, overtime, work shifts, holidays, etc. Capital Expenditures Expenditures to acquire or add to capital assets that will yield benefits over several accounting periods.
Included are cost of procuring, construction, installing new durable plants, machinery and equipment where for replacement, addition or for lease or rent to other companies including subsidies. Captive Import An imported motor vehicle or part manufactured by another automaker usually for sale under the brand name of the importer.
Casting A process technology that delivers a liquid molten metal into a purpose-built mould. After cooling, the solid metal surface has the shape of the mould cavity. Census value added Residual representing the difference between the value of goods and industrial services produced and the direct material costs associated with the production of goods. Changeover The refitting of equipment to either neutralize the effects of the just completed production or to prepare equipment for production of the next scheduled item, or both.
Climate Change The international concern that increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases GHGs in the atmosphere are changing the climate in ways detrimental to our social and economic well-being. Component A raw material, ingredient, part or subassembly that goes into a higher level assembly, compound, or other item.
Component assembly A combination of two or more parts or sub-components to form an assembly. Component Design The activity for the design of specific components including responsibility for material, cost, weight, reliability, durability, function, appearance, serviceability.
Concept Vehicle A current production vehicle modified for installation of new design concepts for evaluation of environmental functional feasibility.
Consumer factors Demographic characteristics of consumers including age, gender, income and geographic location, affordability.
Cost of production Actual cost to the manufacturer of producing a vehicle does not include mark-up. Customs duties Customs duties levied on imported goods under the Customs Tariff.
Days' Supply Number of days needed to sell all vehicles in inventory, based on the previous month's sales rate. Dealer A firm that buys and sells, adding some value for the consumer in the process. Dealer often means a firm which operates closer in the distribution channel to the consumer than a distributor or wholesaler, and may add more value for consumers than either of the above-mentioned terms.
Dealer principal The individual or corporation that owns and controls one or a number of auto dealerships. Die Solid or hollow form used for shaping materials by stamping, pressing, extruding, drawing or threading. Diffusion The way in which innovations spread through market or non-market channels. Distributor Synonymous with wholesalers; distributors perform many of the same functions as wholesalers, such as selling, physical distribution, credit, etc.
Some industries use the term distributor instead of wholesaler. Distribution channel Is the path goods take as their title transfers from producer to consumer. The title transfer for consumer goods is usually accompanied by transfer of the physical goods, as well. Door rates The hourly rates charged by dealers on standardized units of service work.
Hourly rates may or may not correspond to an actual hour of work. Duty drawback Import duties or taxes repaid by a government in whole or in part, when the imported goods are re-exported or used in the manufacture of exported goods. Duty paid value In respect to imported goods, is the aggregate value for duty on imported goods.
Duty waiver Forgiveness, in whole or in part, of import duties when certain conditions are met. Electric Vehicle Cars, buses, vans or trucks which use dedicated or hybrid electric systems as their power source. Average number of workers employed by an establishment during the year. Production workers relate to the average number actually engaged in the manufacturing process.
Administrative and non-manufacturing includes employees at head offices and sales offices. Employee Benefits The provision of direct salary, bonuses, etc. Establishment Smallest operating entity producing a homogenous set of goods and services and is capable of reporting full range of production account variables to calculate "value-added". The Heads of State of the 34 democracies in the region agreed to construct a "Free Trade Area of the Americas" and to complete negotiations for the agreement by Canadian, U.
Firm A business or institution comprising sole proprietorships, partnerships, companies and other forms of organizations. Fixed or One Price Selling published fixed price displayed on a new vehicle eliminating need for negotiation. Fixture Device for holding goods in process while working tools are in operation that does not contain any special arrangements for guiding the working tools. Fleet sales The purchase of vehicles by a business that meet a minimum requirement of units sold.
Forecast Prediction of future production or sales in the automotive industry. Forging A process that transforms solid metal into shapes of varying cross-sectional material thickness, often involving heating. Franchise Establishment that has the right to exercise the powers of a corporation. G7 Group of Seven Seven industrial countries consisting of the United States, Japan, Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Italy and Canada, whose leaders have met at annual economic summits since to coordinate economic policies.
Generalized Preferential Tariff GPT System of non-reciprocal tariff preferences for the benefit of developing countries. It grants duty-free or preferential entry to imports for eligible developing countries up to a certain dollar value or import percentage limit. Greenhouse gases GHGs Group of gases which individually act to trap solar energy near the earth. Grey market The grey market describes the purchase by intermediaries of product which is not supplied to them by the "authorized" distribution channel of the supplier.
Thus, a warehouse club in Canada that sells a stereo bought in the U. While grey market products are frequently the same as would be available from conventional channels in Canada, the grey market assumes responsibility for service or repair where the manufacturer declines this support. Heavy-duty truck Vehicle weighing from 26, to 33, lbs. Also included off-highway trucks.
Ignition System Electrical system devised to produce timed sparks from engine spark plugs. Consisting of a battery, induction coil, capacitor, distributor, spark plugs and relevant switches and wiring. Importer An organization that typically operates at arms length or under contractual agreement with manufacturers to bring products made in another country into Canada.
Import Nameplate Vehicles sold by manufacturers primarily located outside North America whether assembled Overseas or in North America.
Independent Repair Shop Small service outlet offering specialized repair services. They usually do not sell gasoline. Intellectual Property Rights IPR The right to possess or control the use of intellectual property, such as trademarks, copyrights, patents and trade secrets.
Interchannel competition Rivalry between different channels of the distribution system. For example, independent retailers competing with manufacturers' outlets. Intermediary Firm or organization that operates between the producer of the goods and the end purchaser. Thus, the members of the distribution channel noted above are intermediaries or "middlemen". Intrachannel competition Rivalry between channel participants at the same level in the distribution channel.
For example, department stores competing with one another. Inventories Book value of inventory owned and held in Canada. Jigs Device used in the accurate machining of good in process by holding the goods firmly and guiding tools exactly to position. Joint Venture An international business collaboration between foreign interests and private parties from a host country in which two or more parties establish a new business enterprise to which each contributes and where ownership and control are shared.
It is part of a business philosophy based on achieving excellence in a manufacturing company through the continuous elimination of waste. Kaizen Activities Activity through which continuous improvement is sought. Kyoto Protocol International agreement among industrialized countries to reduce greenhouse gas emissions negotiated in Kyoto, Japan in December Canada committed to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 6 percent of levels between and Lease Form of contract transferring the use of a vehicle in consideration of payment.
Light truck Vehicle weighing less than 14, lbs. Light vehicles Passenger cars and light trucks. Loss Leaders Products whose prices are cut with the idea that they will attract customers to the store. Make Brand name of a car or truck ie.
We are at your disposal for technical and product application assistance in an area near you. Welcome to the web site of Rimmer Lighting. Kaydon distributors North America. Known for its alluring flavor, firm texture and high quality, this brand is the highest grade shrimp available and top choice for chefs and distributors in the U.
The transport sector encompasses industries that are involved in the transportation of goods and passengers throughout the world. This sector is structurally complex and vitally important to economies locally, nationally and globally. The transport sector is vitally important to the economic viability of nations. Transportation plays a key role in economically important factors such as employment, utilization of raw and manufactured goods, investment of private and public capital and generation of tax revenues.
This paper presents a 0—1 programming model aimed at obtaining the optimal inventory policy and transportation mode for maintenance spare parts of high-speed trains. In addition, we analyse the shortage time using PERT, and then calculate the unit time shortage cost from the viewpoint of train operation revenue. Finally, a real-world case study from Shanghai Depot is conducted to demonstrate our method. Computational results offer an effective and efficient decision support for inventory managers. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. Competing interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.
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This recipe, while it may seem straightforward, threw me for a loop. I roasted 7 heads of cauliflower until I got it just right. The International Fair of Innovative Industrial Solutions Warsaw Industry Week is primarily a contracting event, addressed to business representatives. During the fair, all branches of the industrial industry present: machines and tools for metal, wood, plastic processing, automation and robotization of industrial processes as well as software, industrial metrology, cutting and grinding, research and development, OHS and many others.
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Addressing Today’s challenges in automotive remanufacturing
Account Options Sign in. Statutes and Court Decisions , Volume 9. United States. Federal Trade Commission.
English en. Retailing leading diesel systems manufacturer's spare parts and their test equipment. Both new and renovated components are available, along with their spare parts. In order for modern diesel systems to be able to develop large engine capacities and reach high emission standards with comparatively small fuel consumption, very high precision components are used in their manufacture. It is vital that after repairs, the operation of components is equivalent to that of new components. In order for repaired technical units to return to the streets, retaining the original capacity, fuel consumption and emission norms, after they have been repaired components must be carefully tested with high quality test equipment.
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An engine is the heart of a vehicle's operating system and ultimately what makes the vehicle a successful form of transportation. Without the engine, a vehicle is just another big piece of stamped out metal appearing in various shapes and sizes. In addition to being manufactured for vehicles, engines are also built for aircraft and large machinery equipment, such as Caterpillar excavators and dozers. They are also used in trailer manufacturing for the hydraulic systems. Companies in the engine manufacturing industry manufacture and assemble diesel engines, electric engines, industrial engines, and natural gas-powered engines. The engines built will eventually be used as the workhorse for automotive vehicles, heavy-duty trucks, mid-duty trucks, and RVs. We cover more below on which industries engines are built for, where the workers are located, and, most importantly, the PPE workers require when manufacturing engines.
The Indian auto-components industry has experienced healthy growth over the last few years. The auto-component industry of India has expanded by The auto-components industry accounts for 2.
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The automotive space is an exciting place to be, but constant change in technology and disruption can be challenging. The growth of EVs, new battery technology, increased customization and future of ride sharing impacts all of us — as consumers, as manufacturers, as innovators. So, call the new era of automotive manufacturing what you will.
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Automotive remanufacturing companies are nowadays facing a wide range of challenges. Typical challenges from the point of view of suppliers, producers and customers. Several process steps are analysed and problem fields are dissected: From the core management, to disassembly and cleaning to machining and testing.
Критически оценивала она. - Неужели я не хочу, чтобы Ричард получил возможность проявить героизм?" Но предчувствие крепло, невзирая на попытки Николь противостоять .
Верховный Оптимизатор извинилась за неожиданный визит, а также за то, что не дождалась, пока Николь полностью поправится. - Однако, - продолжила предводительница октопауков, - мы попали в затруднительное положение и нуждается в твоем совете. Николь ощутила, что пульс ее заторопился, и попыталась успокоиться.
- Что случилось. - спросила .
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Со мной все в порядке. Поговорила с Орлом и расстроилась. - А о. - спросил Бенджи, беря ее за руку. - Скажу тебе позже, - промолвила Николь, немного поколебавшись.
У каждого в руках был небольшой горшочек; опуская в него руки, они затем оставляли яркие отметины на полу - красные метки охватили платформу подземки, штабеля с материалами, словом, около половины всего Буквально мгновение спустя, наверное, еще целая дюжина животных с хоботообразными конечностями вывалилась из вагонов; некоторые из них несли на спинах большие и тяжелые изогнутые детали.
За ними следовали два октопаука, по круглым головам которых бежали необычайно яркие полосы. Пауки остановились в центре палаты, осмотрели штабеля с материалами, а потом приказали муравьеподобным созданиям приступить к работе.