Production manufacture potatoes
According to snack food folklore, the potato chip was invented in by a chef named George Crum at a restaurant called Moon's Lake House in Saratoga Spring, New York. Angered when a customer, some sources say it was none other than Cornelius Vanderbilt, returned his french fried potatoes to the kitchen for being too thick, Crum sarcastically shaved them paper thin and sent the plate back out. The customer, whoever he was, and others around him, loved the thin potatoes. Crum soon opened his own restaurant across the lake and his policy of not taking reservations did not keep the customers from standing in line to taste his potato chips. The popularity of potato chips quickly spread across the country, particularly in speakeasies, spawning a flurry of home-based companies. In , Earl Wise, a grocer, was stuck with an overstock of potatoes.
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The 52 million tonnes of potatoes harvested across the EU in was about one-third This article describes the potato sector in the European Union. A range of agricultural data from a number of Eurostat agricultural statistics farm structure survey , annual crop production statistics, agricultural prices and economic accounts for agriculture are used, as well as trade and industrial production statistics, to depict the various stages in the process of bringing potatoes from the field to the market.
Potato production is mainly concentrated in seven Member States; Belgium, Germany, France, the Netherlands, Poland, Romania and the United Kingdom accounted for about three-quarters of the area planted Potatoes were cultivated on 1.
This corresponded to 1. This share was much higher in the Netherlands About three-quarters The area of potatoes in the EU has been in long-term decline. The cultivated area almost halved between and with, among the principal producer countries, particularly sharp reductions in Poland Nevertheless there were some exceptions see Figure 2 , with increases in the area of potatoes planted in both France particularly since and Belgium particularly since With a downward trend in the area of potatoes cultivated, harvested production in the EU has also been in decline, albeit with annual fluctuations that were also influenced by weather conditions.
Between and , the harvested production of potatoes in the EU declined by just over one-third The harvested production of potatoes in the EU was Germany was the largest producer of potatoes in the EU in at 8. Almost 1. Indeed, the average area of potatoes cultivated on farms in Poland was 0.
By contrast, there were some Member States where holdings growing potatoes did so on a relatively large scale: in Denmark the average area of potatoes was Only 2. Organic potato production remains a relatively small segment of the market in most Member States.
Only 20 holdings produced potatoes under organic farming conditions, with just over one half of these located in either Poland In Austria, however, farms producing organic potatoes accounted for one-fifth The value at basic prices i.
This represented 2. Almost one half Selling prices for potatoes fluctuated significantly over time and between countries, on both producer and consumer markets see Table 4 , in part reflecting the strong annual fluctuations in production see Figure 3.
There are also often differences in price development between the two markets for the same year and Member State,. Member States traded about 7 million tonnes of potatoes between themselves Intra EU trade in , the market value of which was EUR 1. Standard table main crop potatoes accounted for two-thirds Three Member States accounted for two-thirds of intra-EU exports of potatoes in value terms: France Whereas France and Germany were the main export traders in main crop potatoes Slightly more than three-quarters The EU is a net exporter of seed and main crop potatoes and the Netherlands was the leading trader.
The EU is a net exporter of potatoes. In , it exported 1. These exports were mainly seed potatoes Exports of early and starch potatoes were almost negligible. Norway was the largest importer of main crop potatoes Given the principal export markets, the vast majority of potato exports were transported by sea Among the Member States, the Netherlands was the leading exporter  to countries outside the EU, accounting for more than half of all extra-EU exports of potatoes, both in terms of value To put this in some context, the next largest exporter was France, accounting for a little more than one-seventh of extra-EU potato exports Processed potatoes mainly as frozen chips and crisps were worth EUR 10 billion in , or 1.
Besides being consumed directly and traded as a raw commodity, potatoes are processed into four main types of product: frozen potatoes, dried potatoes, prepared or preserved potatoes, and potato starch see Table 7.
Frozen chips and crisps were the most significant products in terms of production value. The EU was a net exporter of processed potatoes; it exported processed potatoes to the value of EUR 6.
For reasons of data confidentiality, precise data cannot be published. The EU potato sector tables and figures. The statistical information presented in this publication is drawn from the Eurostat database, available at the Eurostat website. Statistics on crop products are obtained by sample surveys, supplemented by administrative data and estimates based on expert observations. The sources vary from one EU Member State to another because of national conditions and statistical practices.
National statistical institutes or Ministries of Agriculture are responsible for data collection in accordance with EC Regulations. The finalised data sent to Eurostat are as harmonised as possible. Eurostat is responsible for establishing EU aggregates.
The statistics collected on agricultural products cover more than individual crop products. Information is collected for the area under cultivation expressed in 1 hectares , the quantity harvested expressed in 1 tonnes and the yield expressed in kg per hectare. For some products, data at a national level may be supplemented by regional statistics at NUTS level 1 or level 2.
A comprehensive Farm structure survey FSS is carried out by EU Member States every 10 years the full scope being the agricultural census and intermediate sample surveys are carried out twice between these basic surveys. The statistical unit is the agricultural holding; the EU Member States collect information from individual agricultural holdings, covering:.
Survey data are aggregated to different geographic levels countries, regions, and for basic surveys also districts and arranged by size class, area status, legal status of holding, objective zone and farm type. In the FSS organic data has been collected since the Census. The output of agricultural activity includes output sold including trade in agricultural goods and services between agricultural units , changes in stocks, output for own final use own final consumption and own-account gross fixed capital formation , output produced for further processing by agricultural producers, as well as intra-unit consumption of livestock feed products.
The output of the agricultural sector is made up of the sum of the output of agricultural products and of the goods and services produced in inseparable non-agricultural secondary activities; animal and crop output are the main product categories of agricultural output. Eurostat also collects annual agricultural prices in principle net of VAT to compare agricultural price levels between EU Member States and to study sales channels.
Quarterly and annual price indices for agricultural products and the means of agricultural production, on the other hand, are used principally to analyse price developments and their effect on agricultural income.
Selling prices are recorded at the first marketing stage excluding transport. It provides access not only to both recent and historical data from the EU Member States but also to statistics of a significant number of third countries. International trade aggregated and detailed statistics disseminated from Eurostat website are compiled from COMEXT data according to a monthly process.
EU data are compiled according to community guidelines and may, therefore, differ from national data published by Member States. Statistics on extra-EU trade are calculated as the sum of trade of each of the 28 Member States with countries outside the EU. In other words, the EU is considered as a single trading entity and trade flows are measured into and out of the area, but not within it.
The variation in the proportion of total trade in goods accounted for by intra-EU trade reflects to some degree historical ties and geographical location. Prodcom statistics are based on a list of products called the Prodcom list which consists of more than 3 headings, and which is revised every year. In the list, products are detailed at an 8-digit level — only information at this detailed level can be found in the Prodcom database, as production data for different products cannot always be meaningfully aggregated.
The purpose of Prodcom statistics is to report, for each product in the Prodcom list, how much production has been sold during the reference period. This means that Prodcom statistics relate to products not to activities and are therefore not strictly comparable with activity-based statistics such as structural business statistics.
Sometimes the data for some products cannot be reported, for instance if an enterprise cannot report the volume in the required measurement unit. In these cases, either the national statistical office or Eurostat makes estimates so that complete EU totals can be published. In some cases the national statistical authority requests that the data for a particular product be kept confidential.
This can happen, for instance, if there is only one producer in the country so that the published data refers directly to that producer. Eurostat is legally bound to respect such confidentiality, but may use the confidential amount in EU totals, as long as it is not revealed by doing so.
If this is not possible, the EU total is rounded so that an approximate figure can be given without revealing the confidential data.
The rounding base is also shown in order to indicate the range of possible true values of the total. The overall aim is to offer readers a statistical overview on a single commodity, vertically linking all the steps from the field to the market. The food chain approach is indeed one of the key issues within the EU Commission both for its socio-economic importance and for the extensive legislative EU framework, which is one of the most EU-level harmonised e.
Tools What links here Special pages. Jump to: navigation , search. Data extracted in May Planned update: June Tweet The 52 million tonnes of potatoes harvested across the EU in was about one-third Full article.
Potato production in the EU is highly concentrated Potato production is mainly concentrated in seven Member States; Belgium, Germany, France, the Netherlands, Poland, Romania and the United Kingdom accounted for about three-quarters of the area planted Production: area, harvest and farms Cultivated area of potatoes in almost half of that in Potatoes were cultivated on 1. Processing Processed potatoes mainly as frozen chips and crisps were worth EUR 10 billion in , or 1.
Source data for tables and graphs The EU potato sector tables and figures. Data sources The statistical information presented in this publication is drawn from the Eurostat database, available at the Eurostat website. Statistics on crop production Statistics on crop products are obtained by sample surveys, supplemented by administrative data and estimates based on expert observations. Statistics on the structure of agricultural holdings FSS A comprehensive Farm structure survey FSS is carried out by EU Member States every 10 years the full scope being the agricultural census and intermediate sample surveys are carried out twice between these basic surveys.
The statistical unit is the agricultural holding; the EU Member States collect information from individual agricultural holdings, covering: land use; livestock numbers; rural development for example, activities other than agriculture ; management and farm labour input including age, sex and relationship to the holder.
Context This article describes the potato sector in the European Union. Direct access to.
Crisp production threatened by poor potato harvest
The 52 million tonnes of potatoes harvested across the EU in was about one-third This article describes the potato sector in the European Union. A range of agricultural data from a number of Eurostat agricultural statistics farm structure survey , annual crop production statistics, agricultural prices and economic accounts for agriculture are used, as well as trade and industrial production statistics, to depict the various stages in the process of bringing potatoes from the field to the market. Potato production is mainly concentrated in seven Member States; Belgium, Germany, France, the Netherlands, Poland, Romania and the United Kingdom accounted for about three-quarters of the area planted
Starch production is an isolation of starch from plant sources. It takes place in starch plants. Starch industry is a part of food processing which is using starch as a starting material for production of starch derivatives , hydrolysates, dextrins. At first, the raw material for the preparation of the starch was wheat.
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The EU potato sector - statistics on production, prices and trade
Он успокоился. Оправившись от первого потрясения, Макс встревожился за все это "убранство" природой дарованного его сыну убежища. Николь успокоила будущего папашу, показав ему пуповину, и уверила Макса, что все совершенно - Значит, все будет в норме, не раньше срока. - спросила Эпонина, когда повтор завершился. - Да, - ответила Николь.
Говорю тебе - ее загипнотизировали, одурманили или сделали что-нибудь в этом роде. Все дальнейшие действия, которые привели их под заложенный выход, были относительно несложными.
Наверное, ты не нашел своего призвания, - проговорила. - Может быть, из тебя бы вышел актер, много лучший, чем фермер. - В нашем колледже в Арканзасе я играл Марка Антония, - объявил Макс, передавая Николь подводную маску.
Frozen Potato Specialties
Твоим девицам повезло с наставницей. - Редкий мужчина возбуждает меня подобным образом, - объявила Кэти, запирая дверь. Глаза ее быстро обежали кабинет и остановились на другой небольшой мусорной корзинке, стоявшей в дальнем углу.
Я еще не. Сперва следует оглядеться, быть может, мы все-таки отыщем октопауков. К немалому удивлению Макса позади платформы на полу обнаружился намалеванный голубой краской большой круг, из которого выбегала широкая голубая линия, поворачивавшая направо в начале лабиринта красных - Ричард и Николь не упоминали о голубой линии, - сказал Макс Роберту.
- Пометки для идиота, - Роберт нервно расхохотался. - Идти по такой линии не труднее, чем по широкой дороге, вымощенной желтым кирпичом [имеются в виду приключения Дороти, героини книги американского сказочника Л. Фрэнка Баума "Страна Оз"].
Благодарю вас, Робин, благодарю вас, брат Тук, - Макс помог дамам подняться в багги, - за ваше внимание к моим подругам. Брат Тук приблизился к багги, явно намереваясь задать очередной вопрос, но Макс нажал на педали. - Сегодня ночь костюмов и тайн, - произнес он, отмахиваясь от мужчины. - Мы не можем ждать - море зовет. - Ты был просто сказочно хорош, - сказала Эпонина, отпуская Максу еще один поцелуй.
Николь кивнула головой.
Что, если вам напасть на этот лагерь и полностью уничтожить его?. - Нет, _вы_ не поняли _нас_, - сказал Арчи. - Поскольку война или даже просто конфликт может привести к убийству разумных существ, такой способ устранения разногласий настолько не оптимален, что наше общество строго запрещает подобные действия.
Все проводили ее до воздушного шлюза. Там каждый, наклоняясь к коляске, еще раз с улыбкой обнял ее, а потом Орел и Николь вступили в воздушный Николь вздохнула, когда Орел устроил ее в челноке и занялся коляской. - Они вели себя здорово, - заметила Николь. - Все тебя очень любят и уважают, - отозвался Орел.
Конечно, ее можно перелететь, будь у нас самолет, способный подняться в этих условиях на два километра, и очень искусный пилот, но у нас нет ни того, ни другого. Кстати, по замыслу Ричарда наш путь пролегает через второе Они все ждали и ждали - в холодной тьме.
Время от времени один из двух роботов отправлялся ко входу, но часовой всегда был на месте.
Это далось нелегко; нападение октопауков нанесло взрослым и детям серьезную травму. Роберт совсем не мог спать, а близнецов преследовали кошмары; они то и дело просыпались в слезах.
Вспомнила слова Макса, которые он сказал ей позавчера, когда они возмутилась тем, что Накамура игнорирует все - А чего ты хочешь. - сердито крикнул Макс. - Этот тип понимает лишь силу. А во всех ваших дурацких посланиях говорится одно и то же - дескать, октопауки стремятся к миру и станут себя защищать, если люди не прекратят войну. но пустые угрозы бессмысленны.
Ричард поглядел на часы. - Да, время идти, - произнес он и, собрав электронику, уложил ее в рюкзак Поднявшись, он подошел к Николь. - Дядя Ричард, - послышался голос Патрика. - Иду, - ответил Ричард. - Сию минуту. Когда Ричард обнял Николь, она задрожала. - Ну-ну, успокойся.
В нескольких метрах под куполом оказалась площадка или платформа. "Почему я не замечала ее раньше. - подумала Николь, рысцой подбегая к вагону.