Produce manufacture effective things
To maximize productivity, every company needs a sound production plan. However, effective planning is a complex process that covers a wide variety of activities to ensure that materials, equipment and human resources are available when and where they are needed. Production planning is like a roadmap: It helps you know where you are going and how long it will take you to get there. Effective planning hinges on a sound understanding of key activities that entrepreneurs and business managers should apply to the planning process. Here are some examples:.VIDEO ON THE TOPIC: How to Get a Product or Invention Manufactured
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12 Steps From Product Concept to Manufacturing
To maximize productivity, every company needs a sound production plan. However, effective planning is a complex process that covers a wide variety of activities to ensure that materials, equipment and human resources are available when and where they are needed.
Production planning is like a roadmap: It helps you know where you are going and how long it will take you to get there. Effective planning hinges on a sound understanding of key activities that entrepreneurs and business managers should apply to the planning process.
Here are some examples:. To plan effectively, you will need to estimate potential sales with some reliability. Most businesses don't have firm numbers on future sales. Also known as open time, this is the period of time allowed between processes so that all orders flow within your production line or service.
Production planning helps you manage open time, ensuring it is well-utilized, while being careful not to create delays. Planning should maximize your operational capacity but not exceed it. It's also wise not to plan for full capacity and leave room for the unexpected priorities and changes that may arise. Typically, the most efficient means to determine your production steps is to map processes in the order that they happen and then incorporate the average time it took to complete the work.
Remember that all steps don't happen in sequence and that many may occur at the same time. After completing a process map, you will understand how long it will take to complete the entire process. Where work is repeated or similar, it is best to standardize the work and time involved. Document similar activities for future use and use them as a base-line to establish future routings and times.
This will speed up your planning process significantly. During the process map stage, you may identify waste. Evaluate these by collecting historical information on similar work experiences, detailing the actual time, materials and failures encountered.
Where risks are significant, you should conduct a failure mode effect analysis method FMEA and ensure that controls are put in place to eliminate or minimize them. This method allows you to study and determine ways to diminish potential problems within your business operations.
This type of analysis is more common in manufacturing and assembly businesses. All other activities are initiated from the production plan and each area is dependent on the interaction of the activities. Typically, a plan addresses materials, equipment, human resources, training, capacity and the routing or methods to complete the work in a standard time. In order to do a good sales forecast, you should base it on a history of firm orders.
The production plan initially needs to address specific key elements well in advance of production in order to ensure an uninterrupted flow of work as it unfolds. The production plan provides a foundation to schedule the actual work and plan the details of day-to-day activities. As sales orders come in, you will need to address them individually based on their priority.
The importance of the sales order will determine the work flow and when it should be scheduled. After this, you should evaluate whether or not you are ready for production or to offer the service. You will need to determine:. After you have determined that you have met the criteria to start production, you will need to communicate the plan to the employees who will implement it. You can plan the production on spreadsheets, databases or software, which usually speeds the process up.
However, a visual representation is preferred as a means to communicate operation schedules to floor employees. Some businesses post work orders on boards or use computer monitors to display the floor schedule.
The schedule also needs to be available to employees ahead of time and kept up to date. One of the many challenges of production planning and scheduling is following up with changes to orders.
Changes happen every day. You will need to adjust your plan in line with these changes and advise the plant.
Dealing with change is not always easy and may take as much effort as creating the original production plan. You will need to follow up with the various departments involved in order to rectify any problems. As well, computer software can be helpful in tracking changes, inventory, employees and equipment. Start or buy a business Business strategy and planning Money and finance Marketing, sales and export Employees Operations Operational efficiency Purchasing Inventory management ISO and other certifications Technology Change of ownership Entrepreneurial skills Entrepreneur's toolkit Blog.
Search articles and tools. What makes a good production plan? Here are some advantages of an effective production plan and scheduling. Reduced labour costs by eliminating wasted time and improving process flow. Reduced inventory costs by decreasing the need for safety stocks and excessive work-in-process inventories. Optimized equipment usage and increased capacity. Improved on-time deliveries of products and services.
Key factors of a production plan. Here are some examples: Forecast market expectations To plan effectively, you will need to estimate potential sales with some reliability. Availability of equipment and human resources Also known as open time, this is the period of time allowed between processes so that all orders flow within your production line or service. Standardized steps and time Typically, the most efficient means to determine your production steps is to map processes in the order that they happen and then incorporate the average time it took to complete the work.
Risk factors Evaluate these by collecting historical information on similar work experiences, detailing the actual time, materials and failures encountered. How to plan work All other activities are initiated from the production plan and each area is dependent on the interaction of the activities. Material ordering —Materials and services that require a long lead time or are at an extended shipping distance, also known as blanket orders, should be ordered in advance of production requirements.
Suppliers should send you materials periodically to ensure an uninterrupted pipeline. Equipment procurement —Procuring specialized tools and equipment to initiate the production process may require a longer lead time. Keep in mind that the equipment may have to be custom made or simply difficult to set up. This type of equipment may also require special training. Bottlenecks —These are constraints or restrictions in the process flow and should be assessed in advance so you can plan around them or eliminate them before you begin production.
When you assess possible bottlenecks, be aware that they may shift to another area of the process. Dealing with bottlenecks is a continual challenge for any business.
Human resources acquisitions and training —Key or specialized positions may demand extensive training on specialized equipment, technical processes or regulatory requirements. These employees should be interviewed thoroughly about their skills. When hiring them, allow sufficient time for training and be sure that they are competent in their work before the job begins.
This will ensure that your process or service flows smoothly. You will need to determine: If the inventory is available at the point where work is to start? If not, then the work needs to be rescheduled when supplies become available. There is no point in scheduling work that you will not be able to complete. Are your resources available? Do you have the necessary staff to complete the task? Are the machines being used? Does the standard time fit within the open time allowed?
If not, then the work should be rescheduled. You should be careful to minimize risk factors; allowing too many what-ifs can delay delivery and be counterproductive. Communicate the plan After you have determined that you have met the criteria to start production, you will need to communicate the plan to the employees who will implement it.
Consider change One of the many challenges of production planning and scheduling is following up with changes to orders.
Improve Production Today
Manufacturing has a long history in the U. That will likely continue to be the case, but post recession American manufacturing is otherwise characterized by slow growth and lots of change. So what can we expect from our recovering patient?
By: Steve Wright on November 8th, Manufacturing Blog Posts. As the old adage goes, time is money. The more production you can squeeze out in a period of time, the more money you make, right?
The Future of Manufacturing: The Good, the Bad, and the Not Too Ugly
The Big Idea — Amazing improvements in productivity can be achieved through small daily increments. Each day, ask three simple questions one each for Information, Decision, and Action that lead to one specific action. A highly successful plant manager once said that one of the secrets to great manufacturing is to do simple things exceptionally well. In other words — great results can come from mastering a simple technique and applying it consistently. This page outlines a powerful way of using this exact idea to reduce downtime and increase output i. One of the most powerful ways to reduce downtime is for each of your line teams to identify and fix one problem each day. One small, incremental win that can be identified and fixed within the same day — today. The key to success is to follow these three simple steps to make it happen:. Does it work?
Methods of production
Production methods fall into three main categories: job one-off production , batch multiple items, one step at a time for all items , and flow multiple items, all steps in process at once for separate items. Job Production is used when a product is produced with the labor of one or few workers and is rarely used for bulk and large scale production. It is mainly used for one-off products or prototypes hence also known as Prototype Production , as it is inefficient; however, quality is greatly enhanced with job production compared to other methods. Individual wedding cakes and made-to-measure suits are examples of job production. New small firms often use job production before they get a chance or have the means to expand.
When a manufacturing company begins production of a new material, it has a choice as to the manufacturing process it uses. The type of process depends on the facility, the staff, and the information systems available. Each process has its advantages and some are best at certain tasks, for example, large batches of finished goods, or small numbers of custom items.
What makes a good production plan?
The process of bringing a new product to market can seem long and daunting, and might be enough to put you off getting started. By breaking it down into 12 steps, you can see that it could be easier than you think to turn your great idea into a final product. This is where you begin to flesh out your basic idea. Think about what you want your product to be, what its use is, and who would use it.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: THE MAKING(English Version) (314)The Making of Steel Balls
Патрик же спускается вниз - к группе, оставшейся в музее. - А вам не кажется, что незачем всем четверым садиться в вагон. это безрассудно, - спросил Роберт. - Почему бы не послать поначалу двоих?. Что, если вагон не вернется .
Production Planning for Small Manufacturers
Нет еще, - ответил он, - но мы уже в вашей атмосферной зоне. Дважды в машинах, ехавших навстречу им, попадались невероятно занимательные инопланетяне, но Николь была слишком взволнована, чтобы отвлекаться от своих чувств. Она едва слушала Орла.
"Успокойся", - твердил один из внутренних голосов Николь. "Не будь смешной", - заметил другой голос. "Но я встречу дочь, которую не видела сорок лет. Как я могу оставаться спокойной?" -. На свой собственный лад, - говорил Орел, - их жизнь была столь же удивительной, как и ваша, но, конечно же, совсем непохожей.
Звучит интригующе. - Мы с Мариусом несколько недель должны будем оставаться здесь, - проговорила Эпонина, обращаясь к Максу. - Поэтому неделю можно подождать без всяких проблем. В этот момент в дверь постучался Синий Доктор.
С тех пор она нас не оставляла. Николь глядела на свою копию, не говоря ни слова. "Выражение на лице, даже жесты - совсем как прежде", - подумала.
Николь не отводила глаз от женщины, приближающейся к дому с тремя детьми.
Он поежился. - Я заметил эти мелкие зубки по всей окружности. И решил уже, что на собственном опыте узнаю, как себя чувствует котлета.
Горло и пищевод ее обожгло, и глаза ее заслезились: зелье вышло крепкое. - Ну а перед обедом, - Макс жестом драматического актера развел руками, - у нас будут сельские анекдоты.
Могла бы и догадаться заранее, - она улыбнулась, обнимая Николь. - Я люблю тебя, мама. Мне так не хватало. - Я объяснила Совету, - проговорила Наи, - что вы только что появились здесь и еще не понимаете причин бойкота.
Думаю, они удовлетворены.
_Полная_ гармония требует, чтобы развитые виды, подобные нам, использовали свои технологические возможности для преобразования неодушевленной материи в существа, которые внесут свой вклад в гармонию. Николь вспомнила: именно в этот момент она заявила, что переутомилась и хочет лечь спать.
Святой Микель попросил ее подождать еще несколько минут, чтобы он мог подвести итог несколько беспорядочной дискуссии. Николь согласилась.
- Возвращаясь к вашему первоначальному вопросу, - отвечал Святой Микель, - скажу: каждый из Узлов составляет часть иерархии разума, собирающего информацию о данной Галактике. Большая часть галактик, включая и Млечный Путь, обладает единой сверхмощной станцией, которую мы зовем Перводвигателем, располагающейся возле центра звездной системы.
Ни один из них так и не стал постоянным даже в этой, относительно небольшой части Галактики. Безусловно, если бы нашу Вселенную ожидала гармония, рано или поздно огоньки - эти знаки разума - должны были вспыхнуть почти в каждой звездной системе. Иначе я не правильно поняла Святого Микеля.