Plant manufacturing other glass products
Also included are a few marks, emblems and logos seen on other types of glassware including tableware and industrial glass items such as railroad lantern lenses. Entries on some of the more commonly encountered brand and company names for instance, Bromo-Seltzer seen embossed on bottles are also included, as I frequently get questions about them. Note: the picture above left is that of the trademark used by Owens-Illinois Glass Company from into the mid- and late s. This is a typical example, as seen on the bottom of an emerald green bottle with a date code ofVIDEO ON THE TOPIC: Manufacturing process of a glass bottle -- Machines and Industry
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Top Manufacturers and Suppliers of Glass
Also included are a few marks, emblems and logos seen on other types of glassware including tableware and industrial glass items such as railroad lantern lenses. Entries on some of the more commonly encountered brand and company names for instance, Bromo-Seltzer seen embossed on bottles are also included, as I frequently get questions about them. Note: the picture above left is that of the trademark used by Owens-Illinois Glass Company from into the mid- and late s. This is a typical example, as seen on the bottom of an emerald green bottle with a date code of It was made at their main glass plant plant 7 located at Alton, Illinois.
The majority of the marks listed here are found on older bottles, but commonly seen trademarks used by present-day glass manufacturing concerns in the United States are also included. This site primarily lists marks seen on bottles made in the United States, although I do have a number of marks listed from other countries as well.
There are many, many glass manufacturing companies located around the world that have made untold billions of glass containers and other types of glassware, and my list shows only a small percentage of marks that might be encountered worldwide.
Also, please realize that there are a number of marks I list here that could potentially stand for an unrelated company from another country.
Although the marks listed in his book were in use around the time the book was printed, it can still be very useful for finding worldwide marks, as some have not changed for decades.
Click here to access a page on the Bucher Emhart Glass site with a link to a recently updated. Most, if not all, of the marks illustrated there are frequently seen on other types of glassware as well, which makes the page quite helpful to a broader spectrum of collecting fields.
Usually embossed on the base, marks may also appear on the lower heel area on certain types of bottles, especially sodas. On earlier flasks, fruit jars, and soda bottles, and especially examples produced in the mid-nineteenth century period ss , the full factory name or initials may be embossed across the front.
This list primarily includes marks that represent the actual glass company that made the container. From the standpoint of most collectors of antique bottles, the name and location of the company the bottle was made for, and the name of the product that was originally contained in the bottle one or both of which may be embossed on the bottle is often considered to be of more interest or importance than the glass factory where the bottle was actually manufactured.
However, this site is geared with more emphasis on the actual glassmakers themselves. Please keep in mind that some marks esp. For instance, they sometimes occur with or without periods after each letter. These variations in punctuation were common and probably reflected the whim of the mold engraver, thus having little or no importance i.
For the most part, I have not attempted to list fine distinctions for marks that are found both with and without periods. Many bottles carry only a number or numbers on the base. These marks usually served as some type of mold identification, indicating a particular mold used by a glass factory. If a number of identical molds were produced for making a certain type of bottle, they would often be serially numbered such as 1 to Some numbers served as date codes, or as some other type of internal code used by the factory.
In the great majority of cases, bottles with only numbers on the base are difficult, if not impossible, to attribute to a specific glass maker. See my webpage here with more info on numbers seen on bottles.
I will occasionally be adding more data to these pages as I uncover more accurate information. Because of the volume of emails I receive, I may or may not respond to questions about marks not listed here.
Please see my webpage on numbers on the bottom of bottles. However , the general style, shape, manufacturing technique used, and glass color of a container can give strong clues to approximate age. Toulouse published in his classic, indispensable and ground-breaking reference work Bottle Makers and their Marks Eventually, I may add a page on this site with lists of books by some of the above-named persons which I found to be of most value.
I hope this list will be of assistance to those interested in antique bottles and other glass containers made in the United States and the history behind the factories that manufactured them. I hope you will return often to this site!! It has been increasingly more difficult to keep up with answering emails and posts concerning glass bottle markings and related information.
I receive emails virtually every day. Because of this I am going to have to stop answering all but questions of the very widest interest to the collecting public.
I apologize if you write to me via email, or post on one of these pages and do not get a personalized reply! I should mention that only a small percentage of comments received are actually published on this site, since if every one was answered and published, my site would soon be loaded down with thousands of comments that could cause the pages to load more slowly for those with slower or older computers.
American Can Company — Glass Division c. Successor to American-Wheaton. Bought out later by Midland see Midland mark — stylized M, frequently seen on the bottom of stubby type beer bottles. If so, they were produced in the early years of that company before they began to concentrate primarily on pattern glass tableware. Mark was used from on bottles and insulators. A in a diamond……. The bottle itself may be American, as the bottle was filled with whisky in Chicago that had been shipped over in casks from Scotland.
Arbogast, Pitts………….. AB letters connected, shown ………………….. Please see this page where this mark is discussed in more detail. AB letters connected Co…………….. Unknown maker. This mark has been seen on blackglass very dark olive green or olive amber bottles that appear to be from Great Britain, and probably date from sometime in the time period.
The letters are rather crudely and largely embossed, and arranged in a circular orientation on the bottom of the bottle. If you have info on other places these bottles have been found, please contact me. Atlantic Bottle Company, Brackenridge, Pennsylvania c. First only a distributor pre , Atlantic was later an actual manufacturer of bottles. The Brackenridge plant was purchased by Owens-Illinois in American Bottle Company Chicago, Illinois office — ; Toledo, Ohio office — The American Bottle Company was purchased by Owens Bottle Machine Company in with some of the plants being closed soon afterwards but the Streator and Newark plants continued to operate under the American Bottle Co.
Adolphus Busch Glass Mnfg. Company Presumably produced at their St. Louis glass factory location post See next entry. Company, plants at Belleville, Illinois c. Louis, MO c. The Belleville factory became part of American Bottle Company c. See AB connected and A. ABGMCO produced huge quantities of beer bottles for Anheuser-Busch Brewing Association, but also beer bottles for other brewers and bottlers, as well as other types of containers including soda bottles and wax sealer style fruit jars.
Louis plant location. See above entry, and AB Connected mark. This logo possibly dates from the earlier years of the company, perhaps up to circa Thanks to David Bethman for emailing me with info on the source of this mysterious acorn mark!
For an article with more extensive background material on Bellaire Bottle Company, check out this. Patents were issued to Samuel Adlam, Jr. These jars evidently date from the s or s. Chambers, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania c. This was one of the most prolific glass companies in Pittsburgh during the mid-to-late s. Huge quantities of bottles, flasks, and fruit jars were made, as well as window glass. Most commonly, bottles with this mark seem to date from the s and s, but the mark was probably in use at least from around the start of the Civil War, perhaps a bit earlier.
Exact timeline for this mark is uncertain. AG stylized letters forming an anchor …….. Anchor Glass Container Corporation. This jar made circa Evidently used by at least three different glass companies including: Atlanta Glass Company, Atlanta, Georgia c.
The mark appears on the base of certain liquor flasks, soda bottles and other types of containers. American Glass Works reportedly manufactured mostly window glass prior to See next two entries.
Machine-made bottles date after Toulouse The Richmond plant burned in and was not rebuilt. In any case, that mark was primarily used by the Armstrong Cork Company from to Advertisements exist which show this company produced a large line of Hutchinson type soda bottles, as well as many other bottles including beers and mineral waters.
Business offices in Los Angeles after This trademark was used from c. Also see Kerr Glass Manufacturing Corporation. Two types of historical flasks with the bust of Washington on them, lettered with this company name, are believed to have been manufactured sometime in the s. HOWEVER, the great majority of flasks which are found with this inscription are modern reproductions dating after the s, with most having been produced up into the s or s or even later.
A L R Co……………….
A glass production process to be proud of
Environmental Protection Agency, have been grouped into five series. These five broad categories were established to facilitate further development and application of environmental technology. Elimination of traditional grouping was consciously planned to foster technology transfer and a maximum interface in related fields.
At Vetropack, glass production is based on the principles of sustainability and long-term success. We are prudent in our business, environmentally aware in our actions, and mindful of our social responsibility. Our pioneering work to develop a system for glass recycling in the mids is an excellent example. We constantly work on our process technologies, because every innovation improves the energy balance of our glass manufacturing.
Top Suppliers. New design capabilities in the manufacture of glass are boosting growth in the market. At the same time, this also means more choices available to the glass purchaser. To assist in your sourcing efforts and understanding of the glass marketplace, we have compiled lists of top competitors in the glass market in the tables below. The second table displays Top Global Glass Suppliers. Increasing urbanization and a drive for a value-added product are helping the glass market to shine. In selecting a supply chain partner, it can help to identify the particular manufacturers in your niche. Table 1 below identifies key players in certain glass areas that are based in the U. Dashes indicate where data was unavailable.
Glass Bottle Marks: Glass Manufacturers’ Marks – Page 1
Contact Us Press Room. Schram Glass Factory, Sapulpa Pressed, blown, and flat glass have been produced in Oklahoma over the hundred years from to The glass industry exemplifies a manufacturing opportunity that developed in the early twentieth century because raw materials were locally available. High-quality glass sand, with few impurities and high silica content, occurred in abundance in southeastern Oklahoma in the Arbuckle Mountains near Roff, Sulphur, and Mill Creek and in the northeast near Tahlequah, as well as in other locations.
Glass production involves two main methods — the float glass process that produces sheet glass, and glassblowing that produces bottles and other containers. Broadly, modern glass container factories are three-part operations: the batch house , the hot end , and the cold end. The batch house handles the raw materials; the hot end handles the manufacture proper—the forehearth, forming machines, and annealing ovens; and the cold end handles the product-inspection and packaging equipment.
Спросила. Элли улыбнулась. - Обидели, Никки, - согласилась она, - действительно обидели.
Вот почему, - продолжила она свою мысль, - дух буддизма, христианства и прочих великих религий Земли не исчезнет, пока жив сам человек". Ричард выпрыгнул из постели - даже с энтузиазмом - и сразу начал свой - Пожелай мне удачи, Николь, - проговорил он, одеваясь. - Арчи сказал, что мы уезжаем на целый день. Николь всегда пробуждалась очень медленно и ужасно не любила всякую бурную деятельность в утренние часы; перекатившись на бок, она попыталась насладиться последними мгновениями сна.
Чуть приоткрыв глаз, она заметила, что еще темно, и вновь закрыла. - Я не волновался так с той поры, когда сделал свои последние изобретения, работая над транслятором, - произнес Ричард.
Николь постояла в дверях, чтобы глаза ее привыкли к темноте и можно было добраться до следующего дома. В конце концов она поняла, что может ориентироваться в тенях, и спустилась с крыльца направо. Шла она неторопливо. Сделав полдюжины шагов, останавливалась, отдыхая. Поэтому, чтобы добраться до прихожей дома Синего Доктора, ей потребовалось несколько минут.
По-моему, у меня началась головная боль. Обращаться в мыслях к бесконечному я могу лишь конечный отрезок времени. На следующее утро, когда Николь открыла глаза, Ричард уже склонялся над ней с двумя полными рюкзаками. - Давай сходим и поищем октопауков, - взволнованно проговорил он, - за черный экран.
Скрючившаяся октопаучиха вдруг метнулась в толпу - в ту сторону, где стояли люди. Толпа отступила назад, и Элли, оказавшаяся ближе всех к тому месту свалки, упала на землю.
Менее чем за ниллет полиция с помощью Арчи и нескольких матрикулирующих молодых вновь схватила беглянку.
Он отвечает своими полосами и жена доктора переводит. Никакого оружия, сэр. много игрушек, одежды, странные предметы, которые, по утверждению заключенного Уэйкфилда, являются электронными деталями.
Я уже привык.
Я, например, сомневаюсь в том, что жизнь на Земле в этот самый момент многим отличается от той, какой была бы, если бы Рама не посетил вашу Солнечную Николь наклонилась. - Вы уже знаете. - спросила. - Или просто догадываетесь.
Через сотню метров, круто повернув налево в высокой траве, Ричард и Николь оказались возле мелководных бассейнов, протянувшихся далеко-вперед. Несколько минут они шли до северо-восточной оконечности этого комплекса.
Он состоял из ряда длинных и узких прямоугольных баков из серого блестящего сплава: каждый из них был шириной метров двадцать в направлении с востока на запад и тянулся в длину на несколько сотен метров; борта поднимались над грунтом примерно на метр. На три четверти баки заполняла жидкость, похожая на воду. По четырем углам каждого прямоугольника возвышались ярко-красные толстые цилиндры высотой метра в два, увенчанные белыми сферами.
Подняться к ней можно было и с другой стороны канала. Биот-многоножка как раз использовал обходную дорожку, чтобы перебраться с одного берега на противоположный. - И куда же, по-твоему, он направляется. - поинтересовалась Николь, пока оба они отошли" в сторону, чтобы пропустить биота.