Produce lubricating equipment and filtering devices
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- Selecting aerosol lubrication for compressed air systems
- THE INDUSTRIAL WIKI
- Ecological and Health Effects of Lubricant Oils Emitted into the Environment
- Lubrication solutions
- ALL ABOUT OIL FILTERS
- Oil filter
- Oil & Gas Filtration and Separation Solutions
- 10 Lubrication Best Practices for Improved Equipment Reliability
- Engine Oils and Their Filters
- Xtract™ Portable Filtration
Selecting aerosol lubrication for compressed air systems
An oil filter is a filter designed to remove contaminants from engine oil , transmission oil , lubricating oil , or hydraulic oil. Oil filters are used in many different types of hydraulic machinery.
A chief use of the oil filter is in internal-combustion engines in on- and off-road motor vehicles , light aircraft , and various naval vessels. Other vehicle hydraulic systems, such as those in automatic transmissions and power steering , are often equipped with an oil filter. Gas turbine engines, such as those on jet aircraft, also require the use of oil filters.
Aside from these uses, oil production, transport, and recycling facilities also employ filters in the manufacturing process. Early automobile engines did not use oil filters. For this reason, along with the generally low quality of oil available, very frequent oil changes were required. The first oil filters were simple, generally consisting of a screen placed at the oil pump intake. Patent for an automotive oil filter and called it the Purolator , a portmanteau of "pure oil later".
The Purolator oil filter is still in production today. This original invention was a bypass filter : most of the oil flowed directly from the oil pan to the engine's working parts, and a smaller proportion of the oil was sent through the filter via a second flow path in parallel with the first. The oil was thus filtered over time. Modern bypass oil filter systems for diesel engines are becoming popular in consumer applications, but have been in commercial use for some time due to potential reduction in maintenance costs.
Most pressurized lubrication systems incorporate an overpressure relief valve to allow oil to bypass the filter if its flow restriction is excessive, to protect the engine from oil starvation. Filter bypass may occur if the filter is clogged or the oil is thickened by cold weather. The overpressure relief valve is frequently incorporated into the oil filter.
Filters mounted such that oil tends to drain from them usually incorporate an anti-drainback valve to hold oil in the filter after the engine or other lubrication system is shut down. This is done to avoid a delay in oil pressure buildup once the system is restarted; without an anti-drainback valve, pressurized oil would have to fill the filter before travelling onward to the engine's working parts.
This situation can cause premature wear of moving parts due to initial lack of oil. Mechanical designs employ an element made of bulk material such as cotton waste or pleated Filter paper to entrap and sequester suspended contaminants. As material builds up on or in the filtration medium, oil flow is progressively restricted. This requires periodic replacement of the filter element or the entire filter, if the element is not separately replaceable.
Early engine oil filters were of cartridge or replaceable element construction, in which a permanent housing contains a replaceable filter element or cartridge. The housing is mounted either directly on the engine or remotely with supply and return pipes connecting it to the engine. In the mids, the spin-on oil filter design was introduced: a self-contained housing and element assembly which was to be unscrewed from its mount, discarded, and replaced with a new one.
This made filter changes more convenient and potentially less messy, and quickly came to be the dominant type of oil filter installed by the world's automakers. Conversion kits were offered for vehicles originally equipped with cartridge-type filters.
American automakers have likewise begun to shift to replaceable-cartridge filters, and retrofit kits to convert from spin-on to cartridge-type filters are offered for popular applications.
These variables affect the efficacy, durability, and cost of the filter. Magnetic filters use a permanent magnet or an electromagnet to capture ferromagnetic particles. An advantage of magnetic filtration is that maintaining the filter simply requires cleaning the particles from the surface of the magnet. Automatic transmissions in vehicles frequently have a magnet in the fluid pan to sequester magnetic particles and prolong the life of the media-type fluid filter.
Some companies are manufacturing magnets that attach to the outside of an oil filter or magnetic drain plugs -- first invented and offered for cars and motorcycles in the mids  -- to aid in capturing these metallic particles, though there is ongoing debate as to the effectiveness of such devices. A sedimentation or gravity bed filter allows contaminants heavier than oil to settle to the bottom of a container under the influence of gravity.
A centrifugal oil cleaner is a rotary sedimentation device using centrifugal force rather than gravity to separate contaminants from the oil, in the same manner as any other centrifuge. Pressurized oil enters the center of the housing and passes into a drum rotor free to spin on a bearing and seal.
The rotor has two jet nozzles arranged to direct a stream of oil at the inner housing to rotate the drum. The oil then slides to the bottom of the housing wall, leaving particulate oil contaminants stuck to the housing walls.
The housing must periodically be cleaned, or the particles will accumulate to such a thickness as to stop the drum rotating. In this condition, unfiltered oil will be recirculated. High efficiency oil filters are a type of bypass filter that are claimed to allow extended oil drain intervals. Deciding how clean the oil needs to be is important as cost increases rapidly with cleanliness.
Having determined the optimum target cleanliness level for a contamination control programme, many engineers are then challenged by the process of optimizing the location of the filter.
To ensure effective solid particle ingression balance, the engineer must consider various elements such as whether the filter will be for protection or for contamination control, ease of access for maintenance, and the performance of the unit being considered to meet the challenges of the target set.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Archived from the original on February 24, Retrieved Internal combustion engine. Part of the Automobile series. Blowoff valve Boost controller Intercooler Supercharger Turbocharger. Magneto Coil-on-plug ignition Distributor Glow plug High tension leads spark plug wires Ignition coil Spark-ignition engine Spark plug. Engine control unit ECU. Alternator Battery Dynamo Starter motor.
THE INDUSTRIAL WIKI
A great deal of research and new technology have advanced the fields of oil lubrication and contamination through oil filters. Lubrication research continues to improve how lubricants such as oils protect moving parts, increase fuel economy, and extend the life of your engine. The thought that all oils are the same implies that a piece of equipment built five years ago requires the same lubricants as the same type of equipment being built today. As lubrication needs have evolved, trucks, planters, harvesters, sprayers, trailers, and engines depend on the proper oil to keep internal parts operating and functioning properly within the equipment specifications. These numbers and abbreviations are the industry standards that lubricant manufacturers use when they build their products.
Lubrication reduces friction between moving parts by substituting fluid friction for solid friction. Without lubrication, it is difficult to move a hundred-pound weight across a rough surface; with lubrication, and with proper attention to the design of bearing surfaces, it is possible to move a million-pound load with a motor that is small enough to be held in the hand. By reducing friction, thereby reducing the amount of energy that is dissipated as heat, lubrication reduces the amount of energy required to perform mechanical actions and also reduces the amount of energy that is dissipated as heat. Lubrication is a matter of vital importance throughout industry. Moving surfaces must be steadily supplied with the proper kinds of lubricants.
Ecological and Health Effects of Lubricant Oils Emitted into the Environment
The upstream part of the oil and gas business is comprised of production facilities. These facilities are where hydrocarbons are first recovered in the process. Pall filtration and separation solutions increase oil recovery rates, help maximize output and efficiently dispose of produced water. Transportation of produced fluids, gas processing, and LNG production is what comprises the midstream segment. The complex system of pipelines, compressor stations and access points move product to endpoints. Separation of oil, gas and water and the removal of solid contaminants is essential prior to pipeline transportation. Oil and gas refining process rely on the purity of feed streams for efficient process reactions. Removal of fluid and particulate contaminants from feed streams and fluid recirculation processes is essential for improving refining efficiency. Effective and reliable filtration is extremely important through the production, transportation, and refining of produced hydrocarbons.
Filtering new oil and used oil keeping it clean of particulates and moisture will prolong the life of the oil and keep the equipment protected from wear. Studies have shown that as much as 70 percent of all premature machine failures can be attributed to contamination. The key is to purify the oil new as it comes into the facility and keep it clean throughout its operating life. By establishing an ISO code cleanliness goal and maintaining it you will extend the life of the oil and the equipment. Large and small particles are destructive and the enemy.
Lubricating oils used in machines with an open cutting system, such as a saw or harvester, are applied in forest areas, gardening, in the household, and in urban greenery. During the operation of the device with an open cutting system, the lubricating oil is emitted into the environment. Therefore, the use of an oil base and refining additives of petroleum origin in the content of lubricants is associated with a negative impact on health and the environment. The current legal regulations concerning lubricants applicable in the European Union EU assess the degree of biodegradability.
ALL ABOUT OIL FILTERS
NORTEK offers a wide range of proprietary products and solutions, with which we can assure a comprehensive fluids engineering service, including analysis, development, manufacturing and commissioning. Our catalog spans over a large array of standardized references, as well as tailored or highly customizable systems. A full range of grease systems designed and manufactured in-house, including standardized and tailored equipment for single line, dual line and progressives.
Oil filter - as the name implies - is a filter designed to remove contaminants from engine oil, transmission oil, lubricating oil, or hydraulic oil. Oil filters are used in many different types of machinery. Of our interest in particular is the use of the oil filter in internal-combustion engines in motor vehicles. Other vehicle hydraulic systems, such as those in automatic transmissions and power steering, are often equipped with an Oil Filter of some type as well. While in this article we will direct our discussion primarily to the Automotive Engine Oil Filter application, where the filtration of Motor Oil is utilized.
Heavy machinery, especially Mining, Industrial or Farming Equipment, requires constant maintenance to keep it in good working order. Conversely, poorly maintained large machinery equipment runs inefficiently. Breakdowns are costly and safety is also an important consideration. Many types of large machinery have multiple operators. One of the ongoing inspections on any checklist should be overseeing the correct operation of the equipment. Large machinery should be inspected as soon as it is purchased. Operator training is usually done at that point, but training needs to be kept up. Employees come and go, skills become rusty and poor operation leads to breakdowns.
Compressed air is used to power tools or actuators in a variety of manufacturing, processing, packaging and warehouse operations to push, pull, lift, position or convey. But the air leaving the compressor is not ready to power this equipment without proper preparation. Water and contaminants can cause damage and shorten the life of downstream equipment.
Oil & Gas Filtration and Separation Solutions
WOA1 Demulsifier and dispersant for treating petroleum crude oils and biofuels prior to desalter and heater treater processing. CNU Cutting fluid purifying system. CNA Production technology for waste oil pyrolysis and regeneration.
10 Lubrication Best Practices for Improved Equipment Reliability
The need for lubrication in mechanical systems is understood-and sometimes it can be taken for granted. The following information covers some of the basic issues in lubrication, such as making the choice between oil and grease for lubrication and the impact which oil-distribution methods, viscosity and heat can have on the process. The wide range of bearing types and operating conditions precludes any simple, all-inclusive statement or guideline allowing the selection of the proper lubricant.
Industrial Press Inc. Kenneth E. This book focuses on the use of various predictive or condition-based maintenance tools and methods intended to highlight the loss of electrical energy in industry. Both practitioners and non-practitioners interested in internal cost reduction strategies, as well as energy managers and maintenance practitioners looking for new ways to save costs without large capital outlay will find this book an essential reference.
Engine Oils and Their Filters
But with the right lubrication solution you can create new opportunities to increase uptime and productivity. Along with helping to reduce premature bearing failures and machine downtime, proper lubrication can increase energy efficiency. At SKF, we can help you realize the true potential of lubrication. SKF lubrication solutions range from specialized lubricants to state-of-the-art lubrication systems. Integrated SKF lubrication solutions combine our expertise in bearings, seals and condition monitoring with our tribology knowledge — the study of friction, wear and lubrication. You can also count on leading technical support and services.
Xtract™ Portable Filtration
An oil filter is a filter designed to remove contaminants from engine oil , transmission oil , lubricating oil , or hydraulic oil. Oil filters are used in many different types of hydraulic machinery. A chief use of the oil filter is in internal-combustion engines in on- and off-road motor vehicles , light aircraft , and various naval vessels. Other vehicle hydraulic systems, such as those in automatic transmissions and power steering , are often equipped with an oil filter.