Produce ware pieces of all kinds of leathers
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We are certain you understand that when buying a leather product it is important to be well aware of what type of leather you are buying and this guide is here to teach you the basics, to help you understand the different types of leathers and the way they are produced so you can make an informed decision when choosing products made from leather.
It is a very old craft with lots of tradition and a fair amount of specialist terminology. The leather industry though, sometimes, uses these terminologies incorrectly and as a consumer knowing about these terminologies and the different types of leather will help you to buy the highest quality leather products and ask questions so that you know exactly what you are purchasing.
As the name suggests it is leather produced by the skin of the cow. All the leather we use is a by-product of the dairy or meat industry. We never work with leathers from animals that are farmed purely for their skins. We only use animal leathers that are by-products of other industries, eg. We feel that the animal skin must fundamentally be a waste material otherwise we would not use it. Cows are ideal for our uses because it is big and has a thick layer of skin to work with and is farmed extensively making the leather common-place and readily available.
Very young cows produce small, thin and soft skins with very few blemishes whilst older animals have larger skins, which are generally thicker but often have a lot more natural markings. The whole skin of the animal is not used but it is cut down into different layers which gives us the different types of leather and are used for different things.
Essentially the skin of the cow, which is used for making the leather, can be divided into two main parts — the corium and the grain. The corium the bottom layers of the skin has fibers that are thinner and more flexible and as we move up to the grain these fibers become thicker and tighter. The corium also becomes thicker as the cow ages. The top layers of the grain face outwards towards the hair and this layer is commonly found with blemishes, tick bites and other natural markings Refer to our Leather section of the care guide for more information.
This means that the very top layer of the grain is usually buffed off to make it look smoother. When the leather is buffed or corrected in a way to get rid of the natural skin marking, it is called top grain.
Full grain leather is when the whole grain is intact and could have natural skin marking. An example of a full grain leather is Bridle Leather, which you have surely heard of. These two types of leather are referred to as grain leathers. Among the grain leathers, we can find 3 main categories of leather, depending on how they are processed. Aniline leathers are processed using soluble dyes and therefore are the most natural looking and maintain their natural texture.
Also, they are the most susceptible to scratching, fading and staining. Semi-aniline leathers like most bridle leathers are treated with pigments. This process helps to conceal most of the natural markings on the leather and gives the leather a more uniform layer.
Additionally, this pigment provides added protection to the leather. Protected leathers have a non-leather coating sprayed, attached or printed on the leather.
All of the leather used by us can be considered as protected leather. The bottom part of the leather is known by many names and can get very confusing to the consumer.
It goes by split leather, genuine leather, suede, napa leather, printed leather, etc. Split leather is usually coated and embossed to give it a more natural leather-like look. Split leather is not very strong nor as durable as the grain leathers. Finally, we have the bonded leather. This is the lowest grade of leather. It is not really leather but rather, just like the name suggests, leather scraps and bits put together using a filler and layered with a polyurethane and embossed to give a leather-like look.
This type of leather is commonly found in leather accessories and are not very durable and breaks off very easily. As mentioned in the types of leather all our leathers are made with top grain leather apart from our premium leather, which is a little different. We carry the following types of leather:. Our classic, pastel and modern leathers are essentially the same type of leather but are simply categorised according to their colour palette.
We use protected grain leather to produce these beautiful colours. These leathers have a thickness of between 2. Traditionally the thickness of leather would have been measured in ounces per square foot and our classic leather would be graded as 7-ounces. Nowadays we measure leather by its actual thickness because the moisture content of the leather can greatly affect its weight. These poor quality leathers are often cut from the belly and are often weak and can be torn with just a strong pair of hands.
Our Waxy Spickle leather is very similar to our Classic leather except that we have worked with our tanneries and found a way to impregnate the grain of the leather with a protective and water-resistant wax. We have also worked on further developing the protective coating so that it is more durable and can also be impregnated with the same wax.
Currently, we have been trailing this process and have received such positive input from our customers that we are planning to introduce a similar technique to the Classic, Pastel and Modern ranges of leathers. Our Patent features a high gloss finish which sits on top of the pigmented colour layer. This gloss layer is unlikely to split or crack due to its unique formulation.
This gives the leather a unique luxury look whilst also serving to protect the leather and making it very durable and easy to clean. The premium leather has a thickness of 2. Therefore our Premium leathers are thicker and stronger than our usual leathers. The Premium leather range differs from full grains because the blemished outer surface around 0. The remainder of the hide is then buffed, polished and dyed using a semi-aniline tanning method.
Finally, we complete the last stage of the tanning process here in our own workshops, using a secret mix of oils and balsams.
Once the hides are oiled then we massage it around the hide and work each one individually to reveal some of the natural textures that are present in the skin, making each and every hide very unique.
This leather is too precious for us to try and guess what our clients would like us to make for them. Therefore, we only keep raw hides of bridle leather in stock and our Bridle leather is only used upon special request. All our Bridle leathers are all produced here in England using traditional techniques that date back to AD. The Bridle leathers are impregnated with waxes, similar to our waxy spickles, to help protect them against the elements.
The flesh side is then curried and treated just as much as the grain side to provide a beautifully smooth reverse. English Bridle leather is often regarded as the Highest Quality Leather in the world, and the makers we use are regarded as the best producers in the world.
The downside to this durability of this heavy-weight leather is that bags are often quite heavy when constructed using it. What is cowhide leather? Types of leather. Aniline Semi-Aniline Protected. Our Leather. Classics, Pastels and Modern Leathers Our classic, pastel and modern leathers are essentially the same type of leather but are simply categorised according to their colour palette. Waxy Spickle Leather Our Waxy Spickle leather is very similar to our Classic leather except that we have worked with our tanneries and found a way to impregnate the grain of the leather with a protective and water-resistant wax.
Patent Leather Our Patent features a high gloss finish which sits on top of the pigmented colour layer.
How to Shop for Leather in Italy
Household Electrical Appliances. Household Textiles. Fur, Leathers, Downs and Down Products. Foot ware 1 Fashion foot ware 2 Gym shoes: all kinds of shoes, track shoes, mountaineering shoes, gymnastic shoes, training shoes 3 Children shoes 4 Sandals 5 Slippers 6 Boots: fashion boots, gym boots, rubber boots, work shoses 7 Other shoes for special use and semi-manufactured boots.
It was the right style, colour and price, but best of all, the vegan leather tote bag had the right intention sewn into its very stitching. Or so I thought. Yet it took only a few clicks of the mouse to reveal an uncomfortably big question mark over its ethical brownie points. Welcome to the complex world of ethical fashion and its star recruit "vegan leather" also known as faux or synthetic leather and, formerly, pleather. If you really want to know more about your vegan handbag or shoes, for that matter, you have to do all the groundwork.
How is Leather Made?
Throughout the history of mankind hides and skins have been an important part of each day's life. Some tribes used hides and skins to build their homes. There was already a distinct notion to "process" hides. There is proof that hides and skins were fleshed with tools. Even today many tribes all over the world follow the same prehistoric pattern. Modern men raise animals to provide for their food and use the by-products for a variety of purposes. Practically nothing is thrown away or wasted. The hides and skins, one of the many by-products of the meat processing operation, are collected and treated for conservation. Apart from being an economical windfall, collection of hides and skins is a necessity, because otherwise they would become a serious environmental threat.
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Leather is a durable and flexible material created by tanning animal rawhide and skins. The most common raw material is cattle hide. It can be produced at manufacturing scales ranging from artisan to modern industrial scale. Leather is used to make a variety of articles, including footwear, automobile seats, clothing, bags, book bindings, fashion accessories, and furniture. It is produced in a wide variety of types and styles and decorated by a wide range of techniques.
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Anything ceramic ware can be dried if it is done slowly and evenly enough. To dry faster optimize the body recipe, ware cross section, drying process and develop a good test to rate drying performance. Many potters and production operations have an uncanny capacity to break the rules and get away with it, then act surprised when problems strike!
Italian shops sell a wide variety of designer-label leather bags. The exquisite leather goods made in Italy are among the world's best, making this European country is a must-visit destination for leather lovers. Italy is fairly overflowing with lush, high-quality leather, from the fashionably chic cities of Florence and Milan to the quaint villages that dot the Italian countryside. Although it's possible to spend a fortune on bags and wallets in Italy, some savvy shopping can help you squeeze the most out of your euros. In these large and fashionable cities, you'll find the designer shops that carry the big names in leather, such as Prada, Gucci, Furla and Ferragamo.
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We cover manufacturer defects in leather workmanship and hardware by replacement of your bag or a gift certificate if the bag is no longer available. All Warranty Repair requests must be processed and validated by our Warranty Team. Our lifetime guarantee is a warranty against defects in materials leather and hardware such as snaps, zippers, buckles, rivets, etc. Our leather, as with all natural materials, will occasionally have unique characteristics such as: small scars, creases and variations in the color and are not considered defects. Validated warranty repairs are repaired or replaced at no charge. Due to the nature of leather and vintage materials our warranty does not cover natural wear and tear from daily love.
As a local traditional industry, shoes-making in Wenzhou has a history of over years. In addition, there are thousands of enterprises in Wenzhou engaged in shoes-related businesses, which supply shoes-making machines, shoes accessories, soles and leather to shoes factories. Wenzhou is a major manufacturing cluster for different locks in China. As of , there are over lock manufacturers in Wenzhou, which are mainly concentrated in the suburban areas of Ouhai District, Longwan District and Lucheng District. The annual output of locks in Wenzhou reaches million pieces, a large number of which are exported abroad.
Leather crafting or simply leathercraft is the practice of making leather into craft objects or works of art, using shaping techniques, coloring techniques or both. The application of pigments carried by solvents or water into the pores of the leather. Can be applied to tooled or untooled leather, either for even coloration or to highlight certain areas. For example, application to a tooled piece can result in pooling in the background areas giving contrasts and depth.
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Ceramic Slip. Search for domains similar to. This happens because the mold absorbs the water from the slip through its pores, collecting the ceramic particles against the mold.
A wide range of colours, tones, consistencies, softness and lightness; this is how our leather adapts itself to all requirements. Dani is the ideal partner for triggering the creativity of both designer labels and individual artisans, resulting in bags, shoes and accessories with unique and unrepeatable aesthetic and functional qualities. Naturalness and elegance are essential elements for working with large-scale enterprises. We process bovine leather from Europe, exalting its structure and firmness or its lightness and softness with our exclusive processing techniques. We also process prestigious deerskin from North America, with its typical softness and elasticity.
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We are certain you understand that when buying a leather product it is important to be well aware of what type of leather you are buying and this guide is here to teach you the basics, to help you understand the different types of leathers and the way they are produced so you can make an informed decision when choosing products made from leather. It is a very old craft with lots of tradition and a fair amount of specialist terminology. The leather industry though, sometimes, uses these terminologies incorrectly and as a consumer knowing about these terminologies and the different types of leather will help you to buy the highest quality leather products and ask questions so that you know exactly what you are purchasing. As the name suggests it is leather produced by the skin of the cow.