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Production manufacturing aggregates, components and parts of electric vehicles, spare parts

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Unlike most standard consumer vehicles that require gasoline to function, the Tesla S runs on a rechargeable lithium battery, and unlike other electric cars, this Tesla model is capable of running for longer on a single charge Muoio. As such, it is difficult to compare the materials and processes that go into the production of the Tesla S to the materials and processes that go into the production of other consumer automobiles.

This paper will discuss the materials and parts that Tesla Motors sources in order to produce the Tesla S. This paper will also examine the ways in which these materials or parts are used, maintained, and recycled, and it will discuss what becomes of these parts or how they are disposed of once they have reached the end of their current lifecycles.

The materials list and the processes discussed here may not be exhaustive, however, as there is pertinent information that is protected by Tesla Motors or by companies that are a part of its supply chain Randall. While Tesla is an innovative company, to be sure, it seems to suffer a bit from sustainability issues with regard to some of its raw materials, thus the need to change sources relatively frequently.

That said, Tesla has engineered a consumer automobile that has — so far — done what no other has been able to do: outrun any other consumer-targeted electric cars on the market, and do it in an environmentally-sound way Muoio; Eberhard and Tarpenning. The raw materials that go into the interior of the Tesla S include rare earth metals, petrochemical-based plastic, leather from cowhides, silicon, carbon fiber, and copper wire Desjardins.

The body and chassis, which Tesla Motors manufactures in its Nevada-based facility, are made of Bauxite aluminum, titanium, and boron steel iron, boron, coking coal, additional additives Desjardins.

At present, and for the last few years, Tesla Motors has been working to address shortages regarding some of its material needs Lambert. To address this, the company has actively sought materials from more than one supplier or region, and is continuing to explore the availability of materials in new regions so that it can effectively and efficiently meet its consumer demand.

Further, Tesla Motors has opened its own Nevada-based manufacturing facility so that it can produce as many of its own parts as possible, and it has publicly vowed to source as many raw materials as it can from within the United States or North America in general Lambert. While there are surely additional raw materials that go into the manufacturing, processing, and formation of the Tesla S parts, as this is the case with most processed goods, including automobiles, Tesla and many of its raw materials suppliers and parts manufacturers e.

As such, it is difficult — if not impossible, really — to determine exactly what additional materials or processes are involved in the manufacturing and processing of the known materials that comprise the Tesla S. This is often the result of newly innovative processes; companies or manufacturers want to protect their innovations so that they can more efficiently provide a service or produce a good that is better than other similar processes or goods, and that places them in a highly competitive position in the market Teece.

While Tesla has showrooms in a number of states throughout the U. People living in other states must order their Tesla vehicles via the Tesla Motors website.

As such, Tesla must transport many of the vehicles purchased by U. Because the Tesla S runs off of electricity rather than gasoline, it must be charged regularly as part of its routine use. In addition, lithium from the batteries ends up in an environmentally friendly slag that generally ends up in construction materials such as cement Kelty.

Plastics are separated by type, chipped, and melted down into pellets; these pellets are subsequently sold to manufacturers and used in new products. The glass is also separated by type usually by color , crushed, and melted, and then it is molded into new products. Despite being a large product with many parts made up of different materials, the Tesla S can be broken down — for the most part — and recycled like smaller, simpler products. Once a Tesla S has reached the end of its lifecycle, it, like most vehicles, can be dismantled for spare parts.

When a vehicle, including the aforementioned Tesla model, is not used for spare parts, the batteries, metals, plastics, and glass are recycled, and everything else are shredded and transported to landfill via truck.

Because the Tesla S is a newer model vehicle, it is unlikely that any, save for perhaps any that have been totaled in accidents, have been recycled or broken down for parts yet. It is more likely that batteries from the model may have been recycled, but there is no publicly available record of this.

Like other vehicles on the market, the Tesla S is comprised of a number of materials and working parts. This means that, while Tesla Motors makes use of some of the same materials other manufacturers may use, the company must also source materials that are unique to its product line and that are not always easy to source.

This can make it difficult perhaps for the company to secure lasting relationships with some vendors or materials suppliers, as they may not all have adequate resources to make available to Tesla. Further, because the company and many of its suppliers provide new and innovative services or products, they are not yet inclined to disclose all of their processes or materials used when, for example mining lithium or processing steel such that it becomes a working induction engine like the one in the Tesla S.

Hopefully, Tesla and other similarly innovative companies that are working to bring environmentally-sound services and products to the market will feel secure enough to share their methods and processes so that more companies can build on them and develop their own environmentally-sound services, processes, and goods. The Tesla S is a worthwhile vehicle in both its form and its function, and it is made all the better because it has a smaller in-use footprint than the average gasoline-burning vehicle Eberhard and Tarpenning.

For this reason, as well, it would be welcome if Tesla Motors would eventually consider making some if its design processes more widely available. Cole, Jay. Desjardins, Jeff. Eberhard, Martin, and Marc Tarpenning. Kelty, Kurt. Lambert, Fred.

Muoio, Danielle. Randall, T. Teece, David J. There are generally two categories in motor vehicle industry, the traditional vehicles, which are powered by gasoline, and the 21 st century vehicles, which are either hybrid or powered by clean energy, namely, electricity. The major differences between these two categories of vehicles are on the aspects of fuel efficiency and economic efficiency. Generally speaking, traditional gasoline vehicles usually have the miles per gallon ranging from 23 to 35, while hybrid cars usually hit 40 miles per gallon equivalent mpge , and surprisingly, Tesla can reach the range of to mpge for Model S.

Although the data may differ depending on the sources, one fact that we are sure of is that the average miles per gallon equivalence for electric vehicles is generally higher than that of gasoline vehicles.

Furthermore, electric vehicles cost less on charging than gasoline cars cost on gasoline consumptions. Traditional vehicle manufacturers try to introduce cars with more mileage per gallon to evoke the idea of lowering the greenhouse gas emissions per mile driven, while the hybrid and electric vehicle manufacturers try to promote the concept of using clean energy, in this case, electricity, to reduce our carbon footprint on transportation.

Tesla,, has introduced the concept of clean energy, and more efficient electric vehicles into mass production. However, as we explore its life cycle, from its material sources taken, energy consumed in production, to its waste management and recycle process, we gain a clearer insight on the environmental impact Tesla brings about in reality.

This paper focuses on the energy aspect of the lifecycle of Tesla. It includes the discussion on the energy consumed on the acquisition of raw materials, the energy used for use, reuse, and maintenance, and the energy needed for recycling and waste compost. The two major components of raw materials acquisition are sourcing and powering. Sourcing refers to the process of searching for raw material reserves, while powering refers to the mechanism of generating the amount of energy required to extract the materials from raw ore.

On the sourcing aspect, Tesla is facing difficulty in sourcing huge amounts of raw materials, which include , tpa of coated spherical graphite, Benchmark Mineral Intelligence, Meanwhile, Tesla is expanding its Gigafactory, the lithium-ion battery factory, whose capacity is expected to reach GWh, which is three times the original planned capacity of 50 GWh in order to satisfy the needs. Lambert, While Tesla is sourcing worldwide for raw materials continuously, it expects the capacity of Gigafactory for to reach 35 gigawatt-hour per year of cells, which is equivalent to 50 GWh per year of battery packs.

Teslamotors, Although there is no specific data on the energy required for raw material acquisition, we still can conclude that it takes a huge amount of energy just to build a Gigafactory, and it definitely takes a lot more energy in searching for raw materials worldwide. Tesla, as an exception to the traditional cars that are sold and distributed either by local dealers or authorized dealers, carries its own dealership.

There are exhibition stores in malls and plazas that showcase limited number of models. The exhibition room for Tesla is rather an educational place where customers get to know about the features of the models than a sales place for getting rid of the models in lot. Fehrenbacher, Tesla starts the manufacture after the order is placed, and will deliver to door or ready for pickup on an assigned date. This customized way of distribution and transportation indeed takes more energy per car than that of the traditional dealers, but it reduces waste in the sense that no excessive vehicles are made—every vehicle made has a purpose to serve.

With headquarters located in south Fremont, California, Tesla now is expanding its factories all over the world. The general wait time made to order is about two to three months for delivery. Upon the completion of manufacturing, Tesla models are shipped on trucks from Tesla factory, then delivered directly to door, Depending on the locations of customers, the shipping and delivery charges may differ it might also take shipping though water in delivery.

Tesla operates on a order-to-manufacture basis. Rubenoff, The major manufacture process is on the lithium-ion battery, which is produced in Tesla Gigafactory. Tesla has claimed the annual battery production capacity to be 35 gigawatt-hours GWh as planned, and it satisfies the demand for the production rate of , cars per year in half of the decade. Teslamotors, The Model S has two major battery configurations, the 60 kWh pack and the 85 kWh pack.

Based on the experiment on tearing down the Model S battery, we have got the following data in regards to the battery manufacture. The 60 kWh battery pack consists of 14 modules of cells that add up to cells in total, while the 85 kWh pack contains 16 modules of cells that add up to cells in total. Lambert, Based on the experiment, each cell of the 60 kWh pack contains Lambert, In general, the actual energy that the battery packs contain is lower than claimed.

The only energy used during the lifetime of a Tesla vehicle is electricity. According to Tesla battery calculator, it takes Teslamotors, On the forum, the customers report that it takes about 77 kWh of energy to fully charge a Model S battery pack, and 70 kWh of which may contribute to the realistic consumption for driving from full to empty.

Lithium degradation has been one of the major concerns that consumers hold towards electric cars like Tesla. For service, Tesla provides over Supercharger stations in the US, and charging is free for users. Richard, For maintenance, Tesla warranty provides a 4 year, 50, miles coverage for the new vehicle, and 8 year, unlimited mile coverage for battery and drive.

When it comes to tearing apart a Tesla Model S at the end of its life cycle, not all materials are composed as waste. In fact, a great portion of materials can be recycled, including the cobalt, nickel, and other rare metals, and they can be reused to make new batteries for future vehicles.

Gaines, Lithium-ion battery cells are manufactured in Japan where there are strict environmental laws to keep the RoHS standards. When recycling the battery cells, they try to maximize the amount of material that could be reused, and minimize the energy consumed in the recycling process.

Kelty, On the official website, Tesla claims that the Tesla Loop Battery Recycling Program provides not only an attractive feature on respecting the environment, but also a high margin of return.

All the motor vehicles have a limited lifetime, so does Tesla. Materials such as cobalt, nickel, and other rare metals are recycled, while the others are composed as waste.

Tesla recycling factory tries to minimize waste by maximizing recyclable materials. Kelty, In European region, the lifespan for Tesla battery is years, or , miles of mileage. Tesla vehicles that reach their lifetime will be recalled back to the recycling factory in Belgium for waste management.

New Atlas Team, It has been a controversial topic for years whether electric vehicles like Tesla are indeed as environmentally green as they ought to be since they are first introduced. Wade, Analyzing from different standpoints would give us quite different conclusions. On one hand, electricity is indeed a cleaner energy than fossil fuels, so from the perspective of burning fuels, electric cars are green as they help reduce the emission of carbon dioxide by avoiding fossil fuels consumption.

Automotive in United Arab Emirates

By using our website, you agree that we make use of cookies to enhance your browsing experience with Gehring. You are using a very outdated browser. To make full use of our website, we recommend that you update your browser to the newest version. In addition, Gehring will present the machine premiere GLS for the laser structuring of functional surfaces live on the stand and unveiling the new Industry 4. The electrification of the powertrain plays an important role in CO2 reduction.

For many years, we have been developing functional and light-weight components, collaborating with leading automotive manufacturers. We also work together with our partners to find the road to future mobility and deliver reliable and proven technology as well as innovative solutions for new mobility concepts. Of course, we develop and produce components at the highest technical level with robust added value for our customers.

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What makes them complex? Some cars have more computing power than jet aircraft, with as many as programmable Electronic Control Units ECUs and up to million lines of code helping to run everything from the engine and power train to infotainment, communications, and safety and driver-assistance systems. And the complexity is only increasing as car technology rapidly advances toward more sophisticated driver-assistance systems and self-driving cars. Only parts that meet these standards can be qualified for automotive use. For a component to be automotive qualified, manufacturers have to meet specific industry standards throughout the manufacturing and testing process. Other tests are conducted under harsher conditions — such as higher temperatures — than when testing commercial parts, or using larger lot sizes to provide greater statistical confidence in the reliability of production components. Also, because cars last much longer than other electronic devices, manufacturers typically must ensure a supply of each automotive component will be available for 10 years. In addition to the standard tests applied to commercial parts, automotive components undergo further testing at each major stage in the production process, from wafer level to finished part:. As cars evolve into four-wheeled computing devices, the quality of electronic components becomes even more critical to vehicle reliability and safety. A great deal of work goes into making sure that automotive components that adhere to the quality standards can stand up to the rigors of real-world conditions during the years that a car will be on the road.

Automotive engineering

Please contact customerservices lexology. Describe the significance of, and developments in, the automotive industry in the market. The UAE relies heavily on imports, with nearly all cars being imported from manufacturing facilities abroad. Aside from a small number of factories that assemble components for trucks and buses, as well as factories that produce armoured vehicles, there is no significant automotive manufacturing activity taking place within the UAE.

The Indian auto-components industry has experienced healthy growth over the last few years. The auto-component industry of India has expanded by

Unlike most standard consumer vehicles that require gasoline to function, the Tesla S runs on a rechargeable lithium battery, and unlike other electric cars, this Tesla model is capable of running for longer on a single charge Muoio. As such, it is difficult to compare the materials and processes that go into the production of the Tesla S to the materials and processes that go into the production of other consumer automobiles. This paper will discuss the materials and parts that Tesla Motors sources in order to produce the Tesla S.

Electrifying cars: How three industries will evolve

Automotive engineering , along with aerospace engineering and naval architecture , is a branch of vehicle engineering , incorporating elements of mechanical , electrical , electronic , software , and safety engineering as applied to the design, manufacture and operation of motorcycles , automobiles , and trucks and their respective engineering subsystems. It also includes modification of vehicles. Manufacturing domain deals with the creation and assembling the whole parts of automobiles is also included in it. The automotive engineering field is research -intensive and involves direct application of mathematical models and formulas.

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Our mission is to help leaders in multiple sectors develop a deeper understanding of the global economy. Our flagship business publication has been defining and informing the senior-management agenda since Electrified transport, in some form, would seem to be in our future. But how long will investors have to wait for the bet to pay off? Bears would bet on decades.

Finding is the new searching

Account Options Sign in. Business Information Service , Issues Selected pages Page 9. Page Table of Contents. Business Information Service, Issues Snippet view - Common terms and phrases activity addition Africa agreement agricultural American amounted applicable approximately authorities average Bank billion capacity capital coal COMMERCE commodities companies compared completed considerable construction consumption containers continued costs cotton countries crop currency customs December declined demand Department dollar domestic duty economic effect electric equipment estimated exchange expansion exports facilities field figures foreign foreign exchange francs French Germany gold Government half higher imports increased indicated industry International investment iron Italy labor license machinery manufacture marks materials metal metric mining months Netherlands Office operation origin output payment percent period Plan plant port pounds prepared present principal production purchases reached regulations result rise shipments showed sources South steel supply Table textile tons trade transportation Union United weight. Popular passages Page 15

Ultimately, the industry is tethered to that of global car production, thus leaving and political factors that affect the automotive sector in aggregate. new gasoline and electric engines, rebuilt engines and engine components. Companies in this industry manufacture and rebuild motor vehicle engines and engine parts.

By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy , Privacy Policy , and our Terms of Service. A recent Handelsblatt Global Edition article, How electric cars will charge Germany's job market , talks about changes in the job market due to the introduction of electric cars. One of the first points it makes is about electric car production requires less of a workforce than production of combustion engine cars.

Automotive in United Arab Emirates

Uptrend in policy rates and the delay in general election may also slow down demand to purchase vehicles. In , the government will also try to incentivize eco car makers to launch more eco EVs, especially the hybrid type. These eco EVs will also get excise tax reduction like other EV models, making retail prices more affordable. Another driver for EV production is attributed to more transfer of advanced technology to local manufacturers from forming joint ventures with overseas manufacturers.

Global EV Outlook 2019

This model has an OD Green frame, black slide with 3-dot sights, and includes two 2 , round magazines. TimeSavers is a worldwide distributor of clock repair parts and repair material. Instead of spending more on buying new office chairs, save money buying replacement office chair parts.

The Global EV Outlook is an annual publication that identifies and discusses recent developments in electric mobility across the globe. Combining historical analysis with projections to , the report examines key areas of interest such as electric vehicle and charging infrastructure deployment, ownership cost, energy use, carbon dioxide emissions and battery material demand.

Account Options Sign in. Code of Federal Regulations : Special edition of the Federal Register, containing a codification of documents of general applicability and future effect Selected pages Page

Code of Federal Regulations : Special edition of the Federal Register, containing a codification of documents of general applicability and future effect Asbest OS manufacturing point Source Category. Rubber manufacturing point Source Category. Appendices parts part 63 63 part 63 63 part. Timber products processing point Source Category. The pulp paper and paperboard point Source Cat.

Please contact customerservices lexology. Describe the significance of, and developments in, the automotive industry in the market. The UAE relies heavily on imports, with nearly all cars being imported from manufacturing facilities abroad.

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  1. Goltirisar

    Rather amusing answer