Production plant wind Instruments
The modern woodwinds that are constructed from the wood are clarinets, oboes, bagpipes, piccolos and some recorders and flutes. Musicians who play these instruments attest that there is no material comparable to the wood to produce the particular timber and pitch that are valued in the production of tone. Manufacturers as well regularly attest to the irreplaceability of the timber because the particular combination of properties that make it the ideal medium for woodwind manufacture have been found in few other tree species. Yearly use of the wood by the instrument sector is modest — an estimated 4. Although the number of blackwood trees utilized by instrument manufacturers has remained relatively constant during the modern era, the industry has been heavily impacted by its increased demand from other sectors, and has had to turn to other options in order to compete.VIDEO ON THE TOPIC: Miraphone's Germany Manufacturing Process - How it's made Brass Music Instrument
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Brass instrument manufacturing: How metal makes music
Holding the new Alessi model Edwards trombone, I was in band-geek heaven. I closed my eyes and blew. Never mind that the person standing before me had fitted horns for some of the world's greatest symphony players, including Joe Alessi, the model's namesake and principal trombonist of the New York Philharmonic.
Never mind that I sounded like a person who doesn't play for a living, way too loud and out of tune. Despite my shortcomings, the instrument responded. The horn body vibrated. It sang, so unlike my old ax I drag to community band rehearsal Thursday evenings. That resonance all starts with vibration from buzzing lips, plus the 70 workers at Getzen Company who manufacture brass instruments that amplify and shape the tone of that lip vibration.
It's delicate work. Christan Griego, the one standing before me while I blew out of tune on the Alessi trombone, pointed out that the shop still manually spins every brass bell.
You won't see any CNC or even basic hydraulic spinning machines on the floor. The tube benders have no computer control either; they're all manual. Griego is director of development at Edwards Instrument Co. The Edwards facility is two doors down from the Getzen plant in Elkhorn, Wis. If a trombone or trumpet has an Edwards logo on it, its manufacturing began in the Getzen plant and then transferred over to the Edwards facility for final fitting, assembly, inspection, and testing.
As Griego explained, every horn coming off the line sounds a little different, and the company feels hand-craftsmanship plays a role. It's a bit like fine dining. Every meal the chef creates may taste wonderful, but one perfectly prepared filet is likely to taste slightly different from the next. Getzen has held on to this strategy in a niche unique in metal manufacturing. There's no evidence of just-in-time practices here. A significant amount of work-in-process sits on the floor, and a new horn can take weeks to make.
But such an arrangement, sources said, is necessary to maintain the company's hands-on approach to metal forming and fabrication. This has worked, Griego said, because of what Getzen's core market demands. The company sells to professionals and those who aspire to sound like them, including college students. Sound matters. To them, a horn has character. It's an individual relationship and, for pros, a vital one. Their instrument is their voice.
It helps them win auditions, get jobs, and support families. That's a tall order for a piece of bent, hand-hammered, soldered, brazed, spun, plated, lacquered, and polished brass. Brasswind manufacturing isn't unique when it comes to globalization. Walk into any high school band room and you'll find that many, if not most, of the brass instruments come from China.
In this respect, Getzen reflects the broader metal fabrication business, but it solves the problem differently. To compete with overseas manufacturers, precision metal fabricators invest millions in automation to reduce direct labor content and lead-times.
For the right job, a laser cutting system with a material handling tower can run unattended all weekend. But as a brasswind manufacturer, Getzen takes an alternative approach, because it sells to a market with unique demands. Brass instrument players develop a unique sound; it's unavoidable, because everybody's lips are shaped and vibrate differently.
Mechanized hydraulic spinning machines may form trombone and trumpet bells to precision, each one identical to the next, but as sources at Getzen put it, that's not what customers demand.
They want a unique sound. The metalworkers on the floor put their signature on the instrument. Match that signature with the right player, and Getzen will probably sell another horn. Towns like Elkhart, Ind. A specialized business, wind instrument manufacturing has flourished where the talent resides. In the late s, Tony J. Getzen worked as plant superintendent at Holton Co.
In Getzen Co. In the following years more well-known musicians began to take notice, including Doc Severinsen of "The Tonight Show" fame. For years the trumpeter played the company's horns and worked with designers to develop new ones. In the founder sold Getzen to an investor outside the family. The decades that followed involved a factory fire and other family members launching their own music products companies.
In the early s financial hardship forced the company to declare bankruptcy. At this point the founder's grandsons purchased the assets and brought the Getzen organization back under family ownership. Over the years many of Getzen's competitors have been bought, sold, and sold again.
Getzen's old employer Holton, for instance, is now a brand sold by Conn-Selmer, a division of Steinway Musical Instruments. A few boutique manufacturers also have emerged, such as Massachusetts-based S. Shires Co. Competition is fierce. With school band programs being cut and even professional symphony orchestras under financial duress, the brasswind market is a shrinking pie, and overseas companies have stepped in with massive price cuts.
Sound familiar? To compete, Getzen has focused on the mid-range and high-end trombone and trumpet markets. Top professional players give the company its reputation, but college and advanced high school players provide the company with most of its revenue.
Change is constant in the brasswind industry. A significant number of Getzen employees used to work at now-shuttered plants, including Sales Manager David Surber. He worked at the Holton plant in Elkhorn, at the time just a few miles from the Getzen and Edwards facilities.
A brass instrument looks simple, just a brass tube with pistons or a slide and a tapered bell section that flares out at the end. But this isn't straightforward plumbing.
Piston action must be extremely smooth, slide tubes extremely straight. In a pro-level horn, the tapered material leading to the flare must be of a consistent gauge throughout, so just stretching a tube sometimes doesn't produce the best results. Three elements contribute to a player's sound, and the first—the player's buzz—must be matched up with the other two: the material attributes and the shape of the instrument's interior, which defines the pathway for the player's air.
Change the brass grade or gauge, and you change how the instrument sounds and projects see Figure 1. A darker, rounder, heavier sound comes from darker brass, while a brighter, lighter sound comes from lighter brass. Brass becomes darker by increasing the copper content and decreasing the zinc. Getzen uses yellow brass consisting of 70 percent copper, 30 percent zinc; rose brass having 85 percent copper, 15 percent zinc; and red brass, with 90 percent copper and 10 percent zinc.
The company also uses nickel-silver alloys for components like the inner tubes of trombone slides. Figure 2: Bending the tapered tube of a trumpet bell stem involves pouring a soapy water solution into the ID, freezing it to degrees F, then bending it over the die.
If you have too much soft material, the instrument's response will suffer. If you have too much hard material, you get a great response, but you have a thin, bright-sounding instrument.
Every person has an acoustical signature themselves. For instance, if they may need a greater amount of harder material to get a brighter sound, we can use more zinc.
We fit each musician with the right materials, so the instrument responds accordingly. The material gauge makes a difference as well. A thicker gauge creates a heavier sound with greater projection, ideal for, say, a bass trombonist in the very back of the symphony. A lighter gauge creates a lighter sound with less projection, ideal for a jazz trumpeter playing into a microphone. Tempering plays a role too. Every time you work-harden and anneal with ovens or hand torches, the process can affect the sound.
The amount of tempering in part governs the processes horns go through in manufacturing. For instance, years ago tapered brass tubes were filled with pitch material before being bent around a die. The pitch did work, but afterward workers had to heat the bent tubes to relatively high temperatures to remove that pitch material. Such dramatic temperature changes can alter the material properties and, hence, the sound of the instrument.
For most tube bending the company now uses alternative methods. For certain parts, such as the tapered stem of a trumpet bell, the company fills the component with a soap and water solution and freezes it to degrees F.
The ice doesn't crack during bending because the soap makes it pliable see Figure 2. Tube diameter is critical. Changing the tube inside diameter ever so slightly can cause fit-up problems with other tubing. To ensure a bent tube retains its diameter, the company uses balling-out dies. The die clamps the bent tube in place, a worker applies lubrication, and a large ball followed by slightly smaller balls are inserted into the tube, bringing the bent tube ID into tolerance see Figure 3.
Walking through the Getzen factory is a bit like stepping into a metalworking museum. Lying on work benches are notching tools, snips, as well as rawhide and nylon hammers.
Some lower-end trombone bell stems are made from formed tube, a much simpler process.
NAICS-Based Product Codes: through , through , through , and through In Kurt Sachs and E. Musicologists and anthropologists have embraced this system because it accounts for western, non-western, and primitive instruments. The classification system includes idiophones, membranophones, aerophones, chordophones, and electrophones. Idiophones and membranophones include most percussion instruments.
PCE Instruments PCE is an international supplier of test instruments, tools and equipment for measuring, weighing and control systems. Founded by German engineers nearly two decades ago, PCE offers more than test instruments with applications in industrial engineering and process control, manufacturing quality assurance, scientific research, trade industries and beyond. In addition, PCE can provide custom test instruments on demand. PCE serves customers from government, industry and academia in diverse fields such as acoustical engineering, aerospace, agriculture, archaeology, architecture, automotive, aviation, bioengineering, building inspection, chemistry, civil engineering, computer science, construction, data acquisition, education, electrical engineering, energy, environmental science, food processing, forensics, forestry, geology, government, horticulture, HVAC, hydrology, industrial hygiene, law enforcement, library science, logistics, machining, maintenance, manufacturing, materials science, mechanical engineering, metal working, meteorology, military, mining, nondestructive testing NDT , occupational health and safety, oil and gas, pharmaceuticals, property management, pulp and paper, physics, robotics, structural engineering, supply chain, transportation, tribology, veterinary science, water treatment, welding, woodworking and more.
Vincent Bach Stradivarius Instruments
The love of music and the deep understanding of musicians and the demands on their instrument are the foundation of our work. We speak the language of musicians, listen to them carefully and do everything to ensure that their wishes in the manufacturing of instruments is fully implemented. We are conscious of tradition — on the basis of a year experience. And we do it competently — with craft mastery, sensitivity and flexibility as well as modern manufacturing processes. Here, we share in all divisions the passion for music and the perfect Sounds. Only then can we build brass instruments of the highest quality. With its excellent response, precise intonation and accomplished sound, should lay people as professional musicians give the possibility: always give the best. Like no other region can look it over to a year tradition in the development and manufacture of musical instruments.
Julius Keilwerth brass instruments
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Fox Products Corporation is an American manufacturer of bassoons, contrabassoons, oboes and English horns. The founder of the company, Hugo Fox , was an American bassoonist. In his time as principal bassoon of the Chicago Symphony , he conceptualized the possibility of world-class bassoons made in the United States.
Laser welding yields high-quality brass instruments
Our vision is to offer our customers the alternative products in the low brass instrument market. Giving our customers different choice is main philosophy idea in our business. We are trying to keep the European quality of instrument assembling, while offering the instruments at highly attractive prices.
The workshop also offers an acoustic optimization service. This service is offered mainly to manufacturing companies who produce brass wind instruments. The acoustic optimization intends to improve the accuracy of the instrument by modifying the bore at specific locations. New mandrels, and other tools must be machined to produce the optimized instrument. This service also offers the ability to target the research only on one part of the instrument only the mouthpipe for example. The aim is to optimize the entire instrument only by modifying only the desired part.
Yamaha began full-scale development of wind instruments in It has fully preserved its traditional technology, aimed to produce top-quality products, and established the Yamaha brand as one of the best in the world. Having begun acoustic research in around , Yamaha quickly adopted a tubular shape based on the results obtained, and revolutionized the wind instrument sound using a precise design created using computer simulation. A fusion of craftsmanship and new technology enabled the mass production of musical instruments of a consistent pitch-that is, the creation of products of uniformly high quality. Computer simulation was fully utilized to create precise body designs. In these designs close attention is also paid to the product materials and processing methods, in order to produce consistent pitch and beautiful timbres.
Julius Keilwerth is best known for his saxophones and there's a lot written about the Keilwerth saxophone history. But for quite some time Keilwerth also produced and sold brass instruments, mainly trumpets and trombones. On this page you'll find all the details I could find about Keilwerth brass production. On four separate pages I collected Julius Keilwerth brass serial numbers 0 - 4.
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Yamaha is one of the world's leading manufacturers of pianos, digital musical instruments, and wind, string, and percussion instruments. At the same time, the Company has grown through a broad spectrum of business activities, including electronic devices and equipment, professional audio equipment, and audiovisual equipment. To continue growing in the 21st century, the Yamaha Group will make a concerted effort to become a truly global enterprise that fulfills its corporate mission of contributing to enriching the quality of life of people worldwide. Key Dates:.
Holding the new Alessi model Edwards trombone, I was in band-geek heaven. I closed my eyes and blew. Never mind that the person standing before me had fitted horns for some of the world's greatest symphony players, including Joe Alessi, the model's namesake and principal trombonist of the New York Philharmonic. Never mind that I sounded like a person who doesn't play for a living, way too loud and out of tune.
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Von Weber used it to express his most sublime passages. Generations of jazz players have adopted it for its velvety low tones and liquid highs. Intimate as the voice and stretching a remarkable four octaves, the tone of the clarinet is for many musicians as close to perfection as human nature can get. It's probable that this tone will have been born in Mantes-la-Ville, a small town 60 kilometers 37 miles west of Paris, which is home to two of the four leading manufacturers of professional instruments in the world, Buffet-Crampon and Henri Selmer.