Space factory industrial pipe fittings
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Thermoplastic Industrial Piping Systems (TIPS)
A pipe can be defined as a tube made of metal, plastic, wood, concrete or fiberglass. Pipes are used to carry liquids, gases, slurries, or fine particles. A piping system is generally considered to include the complete interconnection of pipes, including in-line components such as pipe fittings and flanges.
Pumps, heat exchanges, valves and tanks are also considered part of piping system. Piping systems are the arteries of our industrial processes and the contribution of piping systems are essential in an industrialized society. Piping systems accounts for a significant portion of the total plant cost, at times as much as one-third of the total investment. Piping systems arranged within a very confined area can be a added challenge to piping and support engineers.
The initial design of a piping system is established by the functional requirements of piping a fluid from one point to another. The detailed design is decided by criteria such as type of fluid being transported, allowable pressure drop or energy loss, desired velocity, space limitations, process requirements like free drain or requirement of straight run, stress analysis, temperature of fluid, etc.
The supporting of piping systems requires a significant engineering, design, fabrication and erection effort. In some cases, special structures like structural T or inverted L, cantilevers, U portals, pedestals, etc must be built solely for the purpose of supporting piping systems.
The material to be used for pipe manufacture must be chosen to suit the operating conditions of the piping system. Guidance of selecting the correct material can be obtained from standard piping codes. Some of the materials most commonly used for power plant piping are discussed in the following sections. Up to and including Above All classes of pipe of a given size have the same outside diameter, with the extra thickness for different weights on the inside.
For example, if a pipe was designated as The outside diameter is This is a constant value no matter what the wall thickness is. The actual inside diameter of the pipe will depend upon its wall thickness.
For a standard wall thickness, the actual inside diameter of There are two systems used to designate the various wall thicknesses of different sizes of pipe. The newer method, which is superseding the older method, uses schedule numbers to designate wall thickness. These numbers are 10, 20, 30, 40, 60, 80, , , and Pipe Fittings especially uncommon types require money, time, materials and tools to install, and are an important part of piping and plumbing systems.
Valves are technically fittings, but are usually discussed separately. The purposes of the fittings, shown in Fig. There are three general methods used to join or connect lengths of pressure piping. Each of these methods has certain advantages and disadvantages and each will be discussed in the following sections.
In order to prevent leakage at flanged connections, the flange faces, which butt together, would have to be absolutely flat and smooth. Various types of piping support are shown in Fig. In the case of steam piping, it is necessary to constantly drain any condensate from the lines. In addition, the admission of moisture carrying steam to turbines or engines is most undesirable. Steam separators, sometimes called steam purifiers are devices which, when installed in the steam line, will remove moisture droplets and other suspended impurities from the steam.
Both of these cause the moisture and other particles to be thrown out of the steam stream. In addition, insulation of hot pipe lines will prevent injury to personnel due to contact with the bare surfaces of the pipe. Figure 1 The initial design of a piping system is established by the functional requirements of piping a fluid from one point to another.
Piping Material The material to be used for pipe manufacture must be chosen to suit the operating conditions of the piping system. Steel — Steel is the most frequently used material for piping. Forged steel is extensively used for fittings while cast steel is primarily used for special applications. Pipe is manufactured in two main categories — seamless and welded. Cast Iron — Cast iron has a high resistance to corrosion and to abrasion and is used for ash handling systems, sewage lines and underground water lines.
It is, however, very brittle and is not suitable for most power plant services. It is made in different grades such as gray cast iron, malleable cast iron and ductile cast iron. Nipples — for making close connections. They are threaded on both ends with the close nipple threaded for its entire length.
Couplings — for connecting two pieces of pipe of the same size in a straight line. Unions — for providing an easy method for dismantling piping. Return Bends — for reversing direction of a pipe run. Plugs and Caps — for closing off open pipe ends or fittings.
Bushings — for connecting pipes of different sizes. Reducers — for reducing pipe size. Figure 3 Methods of Connecting Pipe There are three general methods used to join or connect lengths of pressure piping.
Flanged Connections. Welded Joints. For more on Flanged Connections, check out: Introduction to Flanges. Introduction to Gaskets. The cost of material and the need for maintenance are reduced with the elimination of flanges and fittings. Figure 4 Piping Drainage In the case of steam piping, it is necessary to constantly drain any condensate from the lines.
Steam Separators Steam separators, sometimes called steam purifiers are devices which, when installed in the steam line, will remove moisture droplets and other suspended impurities from the steam. A material suitable for use as an insulation should have the following characteristics. High insulating value.
Long life. Vermin proof. Non corrosive. Ability to retain its shape and insulating value when wet. Ease of application and installation.
It is available in molded form for pipe covering and also is supplied in powdered form to be mixed with water to form an insulating cement which is used to cover pipe fittings. Subscribe via Email Name. The Process Piping Facebook Page. Blog Statistics , Users. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email.
Pipes & Tubes
Steel pipe elbow is a key parts in a piping system for to change the fluid flow direction. It is used to connect two pipes with same or different nominal diameters, and to make the pipe turn to a certain direction of 45 degree or 90 degree. Elbow could be ranged from direction angle, connection types, length and radius, material types. As we know, according to fluid direction of the pipelines, elbow can be divided into different degrees, such as 45 degree, 90 degree, degree, which are most common degrees. Also there has 60 degree and degree, for some special pipelines.
By simply butting two pipes together and connecting with a Teekay Pipe Coupling, space, weight, time and cost savings are achieved with every installation. Our product range includes more than 15, British made, industry leading coupling options for joining pipes between 21mm and mm diameter. Click below to find out more. Teekay Couplings have a broad range of approvals and certifications providing peace of mind in use across a vast range of industries.
The NEW Teekay Axilock-FP Coupling
This website uses non-intrusive cookies to improve your user experience. You can visit our cookie privacy page for more information. Beta This is a new way of showing guidance - your feedback will help us improve it. This Technical Measures Document covers the use of piping standards and the design and maintenance of piping systems. Reference is made to relevant codes of practice and standards. The relevant Level 2 Criteria are 5. Piping systems are the most commonly used method of conveying fluids in the process industries.
Introduction to Piping System
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Introduction to Piping System
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These are new, structurally self-supporting lining pressure pipes. The pipe run is connected up to a traction head and drawn into the old pipe via a site launch pit, taking the bending radius of the new pipe into account. The resulting annular space between the old pipe and the new pipe is either grouted or not grouted, depending on the condition of the old pipe. When using this method, the original cross section of the pipeline is reduced by the annular space and pipe wall thickness. As a system manufacturer, SIMONA supplies pressure pipes, pressure-class-compliant standard fittings and application-specific special fittings according to the requirements of the situation on site — solutions tailored specifically to this method of lining.
Trenchless pipe rehabilitation of gravity piping systems
HDPE Pipe pressure classes that can be made between Pn4-Pn32 and the production of the desired diameter and size of HDPE pressure pipe system has undergone many tests in , particularly in the carriage of drinking water. After the result of these tests of HDPE Pipe, if all reports are positive then it has no harmful effect on human life. Thermal Specifications. DIN Because Low Density Polyethylene Pipe is economical and has high-performance in many areas, such as sewer lines has been a solution.
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Geberit Mapress Stainless Steel
As part of pipe run lining with annular space, factory-produced lining pipes made of PP HM or PE are welded together on the construction site to make up a pipe run with axial-restraint connection. These are new, structurally self-supporting lining pipes. The pipe run is connected up to a traction head and drawn into the old pipe via a site launch pit, taking the bending radius of the new pipe into account.
Expansion Joints For Heating Pipes
It was designed to save time, money, and warehouse space. Every item we ship comes in color-coded cubes with wraparound barcode labels that include all the information you need to receive, stock, and ship faster and with higher accuracy. Sharpe products combine critical engineering, quality management , and testing in the US plus actuation services for multipurpose valves. We make stainless painless.
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